Many women are eager to become a mother, but infertility prevents some women from satisfying this need. However, modern biotechnologies combined with changed norms of culture now provide them reproductive choices such as in vitro fertilization. In order to develop these reproductive choices, we need to research on living human embryo. Because its procedures terminate the life of embryo, embryonic research stirs up public attention on its morality. Society questions if these methods are morally right. Do they violate the meaning of personhood and life? Do we kill a human when we research the embryos? These questions are asking our foundation of morality. We must be cautious and avoid any logical fallacies when we answer them. Using logical fallacies to discuss these profound questions on our moral standard undermines the moral standard itself. To avoid fallacies, we ask for the opinions of people who are supposed to understand the questions more profoundly; people like bioethicists. We hope they provide us important thoughts, significant evidences, and reasonable arguments. But the reality is opposite as we will see from several arguments in the essays, which bioethics from both supporter and opponent wrote, that they are not as reliable as promised. In this moral combat, both supporter and opponent use series of ambiguous claims and logical fallacies to convince public the validity of their point of view.
We may focus first on the arguments against embryonic research. Among prominent opponents of embryonic research is Leon Kass, who wrote The Meaning of Life –In Laboratory. In his essay, Kass takes a standing ground against research that uses living in vitro human embryos, by arguing that the research practices undermine “the...
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...ices are harmful because they lure and misguide us so well. We need to set up the public policy on such a sensitive issue like embryonic research, and the bioethicists are people we hope to rely on. But since they still use ill logics to battle against each other to establish their concrete standing ground, we have to be more cautious to rely on them. As important as moral standard discussing in embryonic research issue is the logical standard. Logical fallacies might make the essay look more attractive, but after being scrutinized, the presence of logical fallacies degrades value of essay itself. It is not until the bioethicists give us the candid but concrete arguments on morality of embryonic research that we can trust them and take them into account while we are struggling to make this crucial decision, drafting our policy on this important and sensitive issue.
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- Many women are eager to become a mother, but infertility prevents some women from satisfying this need. To counter this widespread problem, we develop reproductive choices. One of the most important choices is in vitro fertilization. Even though this method significantly increases pregnancy rate in infertile women, it comes with the problem. Underlying in vitro fertilization is research on living human embryos. We need to research on countless living embryos in order to develop clinical in vitro fertilization.... [tags: Medical Research]
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