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This topic may seem irrelevant to the readers here in United States. Nepal is the second richest country in water resource but we still have problems with hydroelectricity. Everyday electric current goes off for hours and people are compelled to live in the darkness.
Unable to form and established new hydroelectricity projects is the main reasons why Nepalese are still deprived to full electric facilities. Establishment of complex structure like hydroelectricity project is not a joke. It takes time, manpower and finance. The old project have been built irresponsibly and they are out of order in very short period of time. This is the reason why Nepal is stucked in electricity crisis. Secretary for hydropower in Nepal, Dr. Kishor Babu Arayal says that this load shedding hasn't arrived all of a sudden. This situation must be calculated from Arun and Marshyngdi rivers.
The main causes for this crisis is policy. The policies determined by hydroelectricity development project were canceled by other laws and regulation, there were no unity. The directive of making the policy tax-free was cancelled. 13 percent tax was imposed on the project construction. (www.eKantipur.com).
This situation has been created due to conflict and unstable political situation in the country. There's no unity in the national policy. Multi dynamic donors only look at the government. Government is supposed to fulfill all their terms and conditions. The main problem is that we only consider donor as a source. But in some situations, even government fails to abide all the terms and conditions of the donor. Along with the political instability, even policies kept on changing. There's a need of policy and mutual unity. Government is itself penniless; in this situation the terms of donor get the upper hand. There should be proper cooperation between government and the political parties; otherwise the project cannot be constructed. The conflict in the nation really degraded the willpower in the countrymen.
In every step in this sector, the permission of the finance ministry is required. The projects constructed only fulfilled seasonal energy necessities, they could not get continued. The role of government wasn't impressionable. Many of the projects got clogged due to India's lower level yields. Even private sector couldn't cope with the energy requirement. The only solution for the problem of hydro energy crisis is the unity among the parties and the government.
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"Electricity crisis: Alive in Nepal." 123HelpMe.com. 05 Dec 2019
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Government gradually came to know about the expenses in building projects. Some fabulous policies were made for the participation of the private sector but they weren't implemented. Some disastrous economic laws were introduced that cancelled all the formulated plans and policies. Industrialists were highly discouraged.
Proper help should be provided to the private sectors from the government to come up with some great hydroelectric projects. Government blame on the private sectors for just occupying the license and staying ideal. But if these sectors weren't active, all these new projects wouldn't have been identified. Private sector cannot come out without profit. The government should guarantee the profit. Small projects should be tax free so as to encourage more private involvement. Imposing tax before construction will mislead the investors.
The energy crisis is leading to various problem sometimes even serious ones. People are living without lights. The light goes of for about eight hours daily. People are having miserable life. Business is getting worst due to lack of electricity. Industries are about to get economically collapsed. Country is experiencing a nightmare. The situation of education is getting even more worse because student are not getting proper environment to study. They just cannot study in the dark. This darkness is leading their future to even in the more darker way.
This energy crisis has occurred not because there is limited sources but because there is limited resources to utilize it. We do not have efficient manpower and even economic hinder is a great challenge. Weak economic condition of the government leads to the inability of importing manpower and equipments form the foreign countries. Despite the enormous sources of hydroelectricity, Nepalese are facing serious electricity crisis. This may sound funny but it is more complex and serious than it really seems.
No one is being able to figure it out how the load shedding helps. Is it just a way to provide Nepalese with some extra hours to have sex? Or is it really a way trying to preserve hydroelectricity.
The problem so load shedding is not new. We are not just aware of the fact prevention is better than care. Trying to solve the problem after when it becomes a major problem makes the problem more complicated in complex. The suggestion to use the electricity economically is not bad. But the way the suggestion is being forwarded is just not fare then it just seems to have come to cover all the mistakes and weakness of the government. The suggestion should have been given at the time when there was more than enough electricity in the nation. At least the consumers would have been aware and habit of utilizing electricity economically would have been developed. But not now. Now the consumer just wan to get rid of this miserable situation.
Now, returning back to the pages of history is useless. We don't have any other options left beside learning from past mistakes and weakness. We are supposed to find some hope among a lot of despair. On the one hand, we should focus on the construction of large scale hydro projects whereas on the other hand small scale hydro projects should also be constructed.
In today's context, the problem of hydro electricity crisis in the country so rich in water resources really sounds weird. The load shedding should be reduced to a limit and some new projects are supposed to be developed which can produce electricity for a long period of time. This will helps consumers to enjoy the electricity and now they will be instinctively aware of using electricity economically.