One might think that when they cast their vote in the presidential election, that they are voting directly for the president. This is not so! People are actually voting for where they want their state’s Electoral College vote to go. The Electoral College is a group of people, appointed by the people, who vote for the president and vice president. They are chosen based on what party the voters voted for in the election. Typically, they will then vote for whomever the state’s majority voted. However, they are not required to do so. In fact, at least 87 times in our history, electors have not voted in favor of their state’s majority.
There are 538 electoral votes that are divided amongst the states. The number 538 represents the 100 senators (two per state) plus the 435 representatives from the house and the District of Columbia (which are based on population). Every state automatically gets two votes.
The rest of the votes are distributed based on the most current USA census. Census takes place every 10 years. Even though immigrants (including undocumented ones) are supposed to be counted in the census, it is very hard to count them all. Th...
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...Framers made it the way that it is. This process makes it hard for the bigger and more populated states to have a huge unfair advantage over the smaller ones. It at least partially makes sure that they cannot dominate. It also prevents factions from forming and taking over. It can also lessen the errors that can happen if the president was elected off of only the popular vote.
Overall, it is a complicated process. It may be hard for people to understand at first glance. I know for me, it took a lot of researching to at least mostly grasp how the Electoral College worked. But once I did, it does make sense for the most part. It is a rather effective system that prevents total domination of any state, and at least tries to make things more equal among the states. That is an excellent thing. I believe that the Framers did very well on developing the Electoral College.
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