Review of Literature
The literature review from articles proves the validity of research by performing in- depth question about elderly contracting HIV is an ongoing issue. The older and elderly population is unaware that they can become in effected with HIV and AIDS (Eduardo, Lamb, Kandula, ,Howard, Muqisha, ,Kimanga, ,Kilama, Kilama, El-Sadr, &Elul, 2014). There is a clear understanding of how HIV and AIDS came into existing and start damaging people life. According to The Center of Disease Control and Prevention, The history of this virus began. Scientists had identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans.
They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV) most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. Studies show that HIV may have jumped from apes to humans as far back as the late 1800s (CDC, 2014). Over decades, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world. We know that the virus has existed in the United States since at least the mid- to late 1970s. Deficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus.
The AIDS illness that affected the human body altered the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections or diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the disease progresses affecting specific cells of the immune system called CD4 cells, or T Cells. Most of the older and elderly do not have a clear understanding of how they can or become infected with HIV.
There are many studies being conducted on HIV and AIDS and t...
... middle of paper ...
...or more opportunistic illnesses, regardless of their CD4 count. Without treatment,
people who are diagnosed with AIDS typically survive about 3 years. Once someone has a
dangerous opportunistic illness, life expectancy without treatment will fall to about 1 year. The
older and elderly that are infected with AIDS need medical treatment to prevent death.
There has been concern on how HIV affects the human body in other ways. According to
Seani Cahill and Robert Valadez, HIV can have an effect on the brain, making older adults
with HIV more susceptible to negative mental health outcomes such as depression, dementia,
and Alzheimer 's disease. One study showed that older adults with detectable levels of HIV
in their spinal fluid are twice as likely to have psychological impairments compared with
those with no detectable virus.
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