Como consecuencia de la novena conferencia ministerial, celebrada por parte de la Organización Mundial del Comercio, el 7 de diciembre en Indonesia, se firmaron diferentes acuerdos que buscaban liberar el comercio a nivel mundial para concluir una serie de negociaciones comerciales multilaterales que habían iniciado en Doha en 2001 y que planteaba una serie de dificultades por los diferentes intereses de los 159 Estados pertenecientes, pero que, ahora, tiene una proyección de trabajo a 12 meses.
Los objetivos del paquete de Bali son: “Acelerar los procedimientos aduaneros; facilitar, acelerar y abaratar el comercio; aportar claridad, eficiencia y transparencia; reducir la burocracia y la corrupción, y aprovechar los avances tecnológicos” (OMC 2013).
Estas negociaciones, que son asumidas desde algunas perspectivas como el primer acuerdo de la OMC, incluyen cinco aspectos en los que se basan los acuerdos y que están relacionados con el desarrollo, el primer tema que incluye está relacionado con la agricultura, que además de asuntos comerciales, producción y aranceles aborda temas álgidos como seguridad alimentaria y progreso rural en países en desarrollo. También se busca que los productos no agrícolas logren espacios importantes en mercados con reducción o eliminación de aranceles especialmente en los productos de exportación de los Estados no desarrollados (OMC 2013). Esto busca facilitar las transacciones comerciales con menos trámites, trabajo más acelerado y eficaz en las aduanas.
La OMC ha calculado que los beneficios de la economía mundial se ubicarían entre 400.000 millones y 1 billón de dólares. El Instituto Peterson de Economía Internacional de Washing...
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...os al algodón en Estados Unidos: sus efectos en África”. vol 57, NÚM. 5. 2007. Disponible en: http://revistas.bancomext.gob.mx/rce/magazines/103/2/Figueroa-Olivares01.pdf
• FAO. “Cotton subsidies in rich countries mean lower prices Worldwide” 2008. Disponible en: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/es/focus/2005/89746/article_89759es.html (consultado el 7 de abril de 2014)
• The Conversation. Read Robert. “WTO Bali deal offers more symbolism than substance” 2013. http://theconversation.com/wto-bali-deal-offers-more-symbolism-than-substance-21292 (consultado el 7 de abril de 2014)
• IMD. “THE WTO BALI PACKAGE” 2013. Disponible en: http://www.imd.org/research/challenges/TC095-13-wto-bali-package-carlos-braga.cfm (consultado el 9 de febrero de 2014)
• BBC news. Walker, Andrew 3 2013. Disponible en: http://www.bbc.com/news/business-25274889 (consultado el 7 de abril de 2014)
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