El-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem signed a joint Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty during 1979. The Sinai was returned to Egypt and in result Arab states boycotted Egypt for making peace with Israel. Shortly after, militant Islamists who was opposed to making peace with Israel assassinated El-Sadat. Many people were arrested for the assassination, including Ayman Al-Zawahiri who played a factor in 9/11. In addition, in 1979 a revolution in Iran occurred. Israeli prime minister Menachem stated that “we’ve lost our greatest ally in the middle east”.
The roots of the Arab-Israeli conflict in terms to modern days have risen to the creation of two historical movements, Zionism and Arab Nationalism, towards the end of the 19th century. Zionism is referred to as a “national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.” (JIMENA) Zionism promoted the belief that Jews were entitled to land, such as Palestine and used violence and wars to claim territory. This was the only “viable and permanent solution” to the Jews. In addition, “the holocaust in Europe generated a renewed and intense determination to create a Jewish state” (Bell) Many res...
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Another arguable cause of the Arab-Israeli conflict is in regards to the British foreign policy and the United Nations policy regarding the Middle East, which resulted in the first war during 1948. This is because after World War 1, both Zionists and Arab nationalists believed that the British promised them the territory of Palestine. Resulting in miscommunication to both sides, and inconsistencies in the British policy. However, this changed after World War 2, as Britain felt sympathy “towards the persecuted Jews of Europe along with the sense of responsibility, Britain came under increasing pressure to permit Jewish immigration into Palestine, especially from America”. (Bell) In result, the British were put in an uncomfortable position deciding who should receive Palestine. So instead, they withdrew and gave the territory over to the United Nations.
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