The Funerary Mask of Sarcophagus of Tutankhamen, Egypt made by an unknown artist is a carved stone with traces of paint that gives an absolute representation of what Egyptian mummification procedure is about. The mummification procedure are stages dead body undergo so as to get them fully prepared for the journey after-life. Physically, the dead also go through some stages. This included removal of internal organs such as liver, intestine, stomach and lungs of the dead are removed, sorted and stored in a canopic jar. The intestine is put in a canopic jar with Falcon head, lungs to the jar with Baboon head, stomach to the jackal and intestine to the human head jar. To preserve this organs, Egyptians mummify them using natron, a natural salt that keeps the organs dry. Spiritually, the dead are sent to afterlife with all necessary aid and charm such as “Ka”. This is vital or spark that makes the dead alive. With ka, everyman will be able to go through the spiritual phases of afterlife given there good deeds is more than there bad deeds.
In the afterlife journey, dead bodies are sent with a written guide, a book that gives them direction on what to do and how to do it. This guide is known as the Book of the Dead. It is us...
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...ce) done with carved basalt during Mesopotamia period ca.3,000-500 BCE by an unknown artist is an example of first writing system invented (Cuneiform) by the Babylonians. With the Stele of Hammurabi, I will explain the purpose and functions of writing during this period.
Hammurabi the king of Babylonia invented the writing system as a way to bring the people together, call for equality, make the people aware of the laws and regulations of the land, and the consequences that follow crimes or misconduct. These laws are written on steles, slabs from wood, stones and clay usually rectangular in shape. Stele of Hammurabi, is a famous stele piece because on it is about three hundred laws in cuneiform language. Also, on Stele of Hammurabi is a Shamash, the god of sun, war and water. He is the one sitting while King Hammurabi is on his feet to collect the laws of the land.
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