This study aimed to investigate the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of ST-g in a sample of eight participants with mixed personality disorders and comorbidity. A large effect size was found in the group between pre-treatment and monitoring of all measures. All outcome measures showed changes with large effect sizes in the severity of the disorder symptoms of avoidant personality, and levels of depression and anxiety between pre-treatment and monitoring. Four participants achieved loss diagnostic personality disorder at the end of therapy. By tracking five participants had a loss of diagnosis, suggesting that participants derive ongoing benefits of the group even after treatment ended. Six participants no longer met the criteria for depression at the end of treatment and this was maintained for all participants in the 6 months follow-up. Clinically significant change in the GSI in monitoring showed that most participants had recovered. For SMI maladaptive ways, most participants showed improvement in monitoring. Clinically significant change adaptation modes SMI during follow-up showed that 40% of participants had recovered.
One of the main objectives of the ST is to help patients reduce maladaptive coping modes so that they can begin to find healthy ways to allow their emotional needs to be met, both for others and themselves (Young et al. , 2003). In this study, the largest pre-post change was in the Independent saver mode, suggesting a reduction of numbing or detachment as a way of dealing with emotions and relationships. As patients notice an initial increase in awareness of the overwhelming emotions, often initially they fall back on the old ways of coping family as a form of management. It is a...
... middle of paper ...
...s are clinically useful and have high ecological validity, which can allow the results to be generalizable to patients typically seen in clinical typical settings (ie, teams of mental health in the community, hospital wards) (Lincoln Guba, 1985; van Vreeswijk et al ,. 2012). In addition, this study provides valuable data that inform the development of a large RCT with this population. In particular, this study may have implications for the significant number of patients with personality disorders who can not respond to conventional treatments are offered in many healthcare environments. This study contributes to a growing body of literature suggesting that the ST-g shows promise as an intervention that can stimulate coping patterns of experiential avoidance, through cognitive and behavioral group processes, many of which appear to be unique to work in a group setting.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- 2.1. Introduction The belief that people have about themselves form the fundamental bases in the exercise of control and personal agency (Bandura, 1997b, 1978, 1997). These beliefs are the most influencial factors of the decisions that people make (Bandura, 1986). One of the main reasons of one’s failure or success has to do with the question of what these individuals believe about themselves (Hoy & Murphy, 2001). From evereything that affects behavior such as: prior successes, schievement, goal attainment, knowledge, skills and performance, empirical research revealed the belief in someone’s ability to execute the behavior as more prominent (Bandura, 1997).... [tags: Self-efficacy, Motivation, Self-esteem]
1348 words (3.9 pages)
- The term “motivation” is often utilized interchangeably with the word “drive” when considering an individual’s work performance. According to Robbins and Judge (2009), motivation refers to the “processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal” (p. 175). There are multiple external factors that may influence an individual’s work performance. Understanding individual motivation will promote financial stability within an organization while fostering cohesiveness amongst coworkers.... [tags: Self-efficacy, Motivation, Team, Term]
704 words (2 pages)
- The concept of body image is one of the most underlying themes in personal satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Body image as described by Nio, is “a person’s unique perception of his/her body. It’s how we perceive ourselves, how we think, we appear to others, how we feel about our look from ‘our own internal view’” (3). Humans are constantly making themselves aware of the image their body portrays. The problem has become that instead of being comfortable with the body they are given, there seems to always be a yearning for what others have.... [tags: Sociology, Mass media, Self-esteem, Self-efficacy]
1438 words (4.1 pages)
- This chapter will present three bodies of relevant literature: 1) literature on self-efficacy and social cognitive theory, 2) studies on teachers’ efficacy beliefs and its measurement, 3) research about teachers’ level of proficiency in English. 2.1 Self-efficacy and social cognitive theory 2.1.1Social cognitive theory This part will firstly present something about social cognitive theory because it is the more general framework behind the self-efficacy theory. Social cognitive theory is a view of human functioning focusing on human agency (Bandura, 2001) and a way to understand “human cognition, action, motivation, and emotion that assumes that people are capable of self-reflection and self... [tags: Self-efficacy, Albert Bandura]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- The Concept of Self-Efficacy Self-efficacy, for the purpose of this study, may be defined as a person’s optimistic self-belief. This is the belief that a person can develop the skills to perform new or difficult tasks to cope with changes in health and functioning. When a person perceives self-efficacy, it will facilitate goal-setting, effort, investment, persistence, overcoming obstacles and recovery from disappointments and failures. It can be regarded as a positive outlook or proactive way to handle stress factors.... [tags: Self Efficacy Essays]
1773 words (5.1 pages)
- Discussion This study aimed to investigate the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of ST-g in a sample of eight participants with mixed personality disorders and comorbidity. A large effect size was found in the group between pre-treatment and monitoring of all measures. All outcome measures showed changes with large effect sizes in the severity of the disorder symptoms of avoidant personality, and levels of depression and anxiety between pre-treatment and monitoring. Four participants achieved loss diagnostic personality disorder at the end of therapy.... [tags: Personality disorder]
1418 words (4.1 pages)
- Theory of Self-Efficacy Self-Efficacy is the notion that an individuals ' beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance when participating in events that affect their lives (Bandura, 1994). An individual 's perceived self-efficacy is related to motivation in that if an individual believes he or she has the capability to perform a task, and that performance will then lead to a positive result, the individual will be motivated to perform (Bandura, 1994). Self – Efficacy is affected in four ways through mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, social persuasion, and emotional states.... [tags: Higher education, University, Emotion, Sociology]
1602 words (4.6 pages)
- Hussein (1991) reported that the use of Tween-80 and Span-80 surfactants as synergistic agents had improved the insecticidal efficacy and lowered the LC50 values from 3.3 to 5 times in case of Cyphenothrin and from 3.2 to 5.7 times in case of fenitrothion. Tween-80 was found more effective than Span-80. The combination ratios between the insecticides and the surfactants are important in determining the insecticidal efficacy. Abdel-Rahman et al. (1995) evaluated the toxicological effects of five different insecticides (Propoxur, Fenitrothion, D-Phenothrin, Malathion and Permethrin) separately and in combination with two surfactants (Triton X-100 and Tween-20) on Culex pipiens larvae.... [tags: Ecology]
2282 words (6.5 pages)
- Concept analysis and concept development are the terms used to refer to the process of bringing clarity to the definition of the concepts used in nursing science. They are generally applied to the process of inquiry that examines concepts for their level of development as seen in their internal structure, use, representativeness, and relationship to other concepts, in the quest to promote better understanding. Much of the conceptual basis of nursing theory has been derived from already established concepts from other disciplines, and a re-examination of these concepts for relevance and fit to nursing, is important for determining its appropriateness of application (McEwen, 2007).... [tags: Nursing Essays]
2063 words (5.9 pages)
- Why is it that some people have more self-efficacy then others. Shouldn’t all people be driven to achieve to the same extent. What can kids learn from self-efficacy. Self-efficacy by definition is “the ability to produce a desired or intended result” (laptop dictionary). Through the years there have been many successful men and women, most of these people have been driven by something, whether it be the “oh you aren’t ever going to be an astronaut” or “you will never make it as a professional athlete” these people persevered against the odds facing them and went on to become those things or what ever else they were told that they were never going to be able to do.... [tags: Sports ]
1925 words (5.5 pages)