Unipolar depressive disorder in children and adolescents is a problem across the world that has become very common, but is often not recognized correctly (Thapar, Collishaw, Pine, & Thapar, 2012). Depression in adolescents is associated with a substantial risk of suicide, is the second leading cause of death in this age group and at least half of those who attempted suicide have described symptoms associated with depressive disorders at the time of death (Hawthorn, 2009). Depression in adolescents also leads to multiple other problems throughout the lifespan of teenagers, which includes an increase in the rate of smoking, substance abuse and misuse as well as issues with obesity and weight control (Lewinsohn & Seely, 1988). Those who experience depression as adolescents often struggle with depression through the extent of their life, and experience deeper depression as an adult (Saluja et al., 2004)
Description of Problem
Depression is defined as a group of detailed symptoms that are associated with impairment (2012). The features of this diagnosis both clinically and diagnostically are similar in both adults and adolescents, however the DSM-IV does make a crucial exception, where irritability instead of mood is used as a core system for diagnosis (2012). Even so, depression in adolescents is more often than not missed, because of what is often considered to be “normal” changes during this time. Symptoms of irritability, and fluxuation in moods are described as typical dispositions and temperament during this age. Depression is also overlooked if the primary problems that have been presented are physical, such as anxiety, anorexia, bulimia, a deterioration in grades or performance overall academically, ...
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...l a part of how we are designed. Our bodies need to sweat and work hard. When our lives are sedentary and isolated, we struggle on all levels, physically, emotionally, and mentally.
In Genesis 2:18 “The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.” Not having support and interaction from community and isolation is damaging to the mental health of people. We were designed to be connected with others. Adolescence is the beginning stage of a heightened awareness of our desire to be known and loved deeply by another. Our longing for love and our desire for unity with someone of the opposite sex brings a whole new set of fears and vulnerability into the equation. As our bodies develop, change, and are flooded with the appropriate hormones for becoming adults during adolescents it is difficult to find our emotional balance.
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