Although mental illness has been strongly regarded as an important issue in psychological and medical circles for over a century, only recently have the psychological effects of traumatic events been studied. In the 1980’s the DSM included Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in its diagnostic manual and it is described as a d...
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...ssful interventions for first responders. Psychological first aid involves developing a safe environment, maximising efficacy in the community and individuals, teaching the affected individuals to be calm, to remain connected, and to foster hope. This was most successful for first responder communities when administered by mental health care professionals in a Critical Incident Needs Assessment Team (CINAT). The researchers also outlined that psychosocial interventions such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) should be administered for those of the community who need it. This has been successful at alleviating PTSD symptoms for victims of rape; however, less is known of its affects with those affected by a traumatic event. Furthermore, this paper displays the effective interventions that should have been administered immediately after and during Hurricane Katrina.
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- Accidents occur unexpectedly and the effects they bring about may be severe depending on their nature. The effects that are brought about by accidents vary in severity, and duration within which they affect individuals either directly or indirectly attached to the incidence. Air crash is one of the most fatal accidents and in most of the reported cases; there have been more casualties than survivors. The effects that are brought about by an air crash may be classified as either physical or psychological.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
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