On October 15, 1492 Christopher Columbus was offered dried tobacco leaves as a gift from the American Indians that he encountered. Soon after, sailors brought tobacco back to Europe, and the plant was being grown all over Europe (Vernellia 1999). The major reason for tobacco 's growing popularity in Europe was its supposed healing properties. Europeans believed that tobacco could cure almost anything, from bad breath to cancer. Tobacco was first discovered thousands of years ago; however, it was not until the end of the civil war that it became popular in the United States. In 1901, 3.5 billion cigarettes and 6 billion cigars were sold. Four in five American men smoke at least one cigar a day. The 1960’s in general were a time when much of the health hazards of smoking were reported. In 1965, television cigarette ads were taken off the air in Great Britain. In 1966, those health warnings on cigarette packs began popping up. In 1968, Bravo, a non-tobacco cigarette brand was marketed. Made primarily of lettuce, it failed miserably (Vermellia 1999). It was not until 1980 when the lawsuits against tobacco industry started. Everybody started talking about the harmful effects of the product; smoking was not only a harmful product anymore, but a political issue.
For tobacco supporters, the political war against smoking is based on exaggerating the health threats of smoking and winning passage of higher taxes and bans in public places (Bast 11). Smokers pay high taxes, and far above any cost they impose on the rest of society or health care. They also claim that the secondhand smoke threat is not as harmful as the Enviromental Protection Agency says; and that it is wrong and misleading to say that non-smokers are ...
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...a significant amount as well as total cigarette consumption.
Cigarette smoking has been identified as the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. It is such a threat to society in a variety of ways; including, secondhand smoke exposure, premature deaths, and health care expenditures caused by tobacco use. Children are being affected as well by this harmful product leading to immune system failure and diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia and respiratory infections. Cigarette smoke contains harmful chemicals with hazardous adverse effects on almost every organ in the body of smokers as well as of nonsmokers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (Al-Sayed, Khadiga 636). Extracting this addictive product from society will improve the health of citizens and will help the economy by reducing all the smoking-related expenditures.
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