What is known as the Gulf War of 1990 was when Saddam Hussein’s Iraqi forces forcefully invaded Kuwait on August 2nd, 1990. Iraqi’s quickly overran the country which was condemned by the international community. The UN gave Saddam’s Iraq a chance to withdraw by January 15, 1991, Hussein refused and didn’t withdraw from Kuwait. On January 17th coalition aircrafts began bombarding Iraqi targets. This was then followed by a brief ground campaign on February 24th. These actions liberated Kuwait and was driven back into Iraq a ceasefire commenced on the 28th. Reasons for the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq was that at the end of the Iran-Iraq war in 1988 Iraq was deeply in debt to Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The underline reason for the whole invasion is that Iraq felt that Kuwait was a part of Iraq anyway. Iraq believed that Kuwait was invented by the British at the end of World War One. You may ask where does security sector reform comes in. The SSR comes in when the innocent citizens of Iraq are in the middle of the war when Saddam’s Iraqi forces are pushed back into Iraq. How are the citizens able to trust their leader anymore when they can’t even keep...
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...’t convert for a lack of better terms. This shows to the other people that they don’t have to change then why should we. But, it is a good sign that the communities that have already changed and are enjoying life stay that way they don’t want to go back to the old ways.
These two incidents is where SSR has come in and has worked well and not so well. So as you can tell the Gulf War wasn’t the greatest for the citizens but they were ok when help was enforced from an outside source. Even though the Iraq war isn’t over some of the reforms have worked. They still have a couple of issues but hopefully they will iron themselves out. Without the presence of some of that reform some of those communities would still be in total chaos. Because without help their old government wouldn’t have been able to help. Because they obviously did nothing before the US even got there.
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