As reported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, our nation spends 700 billion dollars annually in relation to substance abuse. Substance abuse doesn’t just affect the individual involved, but as well as their family, and the society they live in. There is no single reason why a person chooses to abuse drugs and other substances. A person’s environment, like their socioeconomic status, and family can influence their abuse. Some factors in their environment include peer pressure, stress, sexual abuse, and parental involvement, which can all determine if someone is inclined to abuse any type of harmful substance.
Substance abuse is not a subject to be taken lightly. It is classified as the overconsumption in or dependence on a substance that is addictive. Nearly 1 in every 10 Americans, age 13 and up, categorize with substance abuse or dependence (Volkow). The abuse of substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs has a tremendous effect on the individual abusing them, their family, and the society they live in.
To begin with, the use of harmful substances can lead to the individual becoming addicted. Addiction, also known as substance use disorder, is the dependence on any type of drug, legal or illegal; alcohol and nicotine being two examples. Addiction occurs because “Drugs contain chemicals that tap into the brains communication system and disrupt the way nerve cells normally send, receive, and process information” (Understanding Drug Abuse). This disruption teaches the brain and person to keep repeating the sensation they get when using drugs, causing the individual to develop addiction problems. The sensation occurs from a rise in dopamine levels in the brain; so when an individu...
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...mme reports “Repeated use of cocaine, crack or related substances quickly leads to compulsive use, dependence and problems on and off the job” (Work and Employment 32). Substance abusers cost the workplace more than non-users. According to the U.S. National Drug Intelligence Center, approximately 1.8 million unemployed individuals are current drug abusers (Impact of Drugs). Individuals who abuse drugs are at a greater risk of being unemployed, while drug abusers on the job contribute to significant lost work productivity.
Substance abusers not only harm themselves and their bodies, but they also may cause damage to their family life, and the society they live in. Nothing good comes out of abusing drug; and the effects of drug use can change many people’s lives for the worse. It is important to understand the harm that substance abuse causes so it can be prevented.
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