Deforestation and erosion are the most obvious effects of strip mining. In order to get to the minerals beneath the surface of the earth, miners must clear-cut the area in which they will be working. According to the EPA, mountain top removal will affect 6.8% of forested land in the Appalachians (United). Carl E. Zipper and co-writers, having affiliation with the Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, make it clear in their report, “Restoring Forests and Associated Ecosystem Services on Appa...
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...ed landscapes.” Conservation Biology 19(3):768-792. PDF file. University of Alaska Fairbanks. University of Alaska Fairbanks, June 2005. Web. 4 July 2011.
Sims, Ralph E.H. et al. “Chapter 4: Energy Supply.” Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007. Cambridge and New York. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Web. 5 July 2011
"strip mining." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 04 Jul. 2011.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. United States Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 4 July 2011
Zipper, Carl E., et al. "Restoring Forests and Associated Ecosystem Services on Appalachian Coal Surface Mines." Environmental Management 47.5 (2011): 751+. Environmental Studies and Policy Collection. Web. 30 June 2011.
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