Deforestation and erosion are the most obvious effects of strip mining. In order to get to the minerals beneath the surface of the earth, miners must clear-cut the area in which they will be working. According to the EPA, mountain top removal will affect 6.8% of forested land in the Appalachians (United). Carl E. Zipper and others having affiliation with the Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, make it clear in their report, “Restoring Forests and Associated Ecosystem Services on Appalachian Coal Surface Mines,” traditional restoration processes are ineffective in establishing productive reforestation, and most...
... middle of paper ...
...orest structure and
composition in fragmented landscapes.” University of Alaska Fairbanks. Conservation
Biology 19(3):768-792. University of Alaska Fairbanks, June 2005. Web. 4 July 2011
Sims, Ralph E. et al. “Fourth Assessment Report.” 2007.
"strip mining." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica,
2011. Web. 04 Jul. 2011.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. United States Environmental Protection Agency, n.d.
Web. 4 July 2011
Zipper, Carl E., et al. "Restoring Forests and Associated Ecosystem Services on Appalachian Coal
Surface Mines." Environmental Management 47.5 (2011): 751+. Environmental Studies
and Policy Collection. Web. 30 June 2011.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Coal mining, in particular, strip mining has become the latest casualty of the growing green movement in the United States. What is coal mining. The Encyclopedia Britannica defines strip mining as the removal of vegetation, soil, and rock above a layer of coal, followed by the removal of the coal (strip). Most Americans don’t realize the impact this fossil fuel has on their everyday lives or the nation’s economy. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the mining industry directly employs some fifty thousand Americans with nearly half that number working in the more specific field of strip mining, or mountain top removal mining (Average).... [tags: Environment ]
853 words (2.4 pages)
- Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects Going to a school like Penn State entitles you to many advantages that smaller schools don’t have, such as diversity, world renowned professors, and several different majors to choose from. All of these things I knew before going to Penn State. However, one thing I was not aware of was the enormous amount of coal that the state of Pennsylvania has, and the power that its coal gives to the rest of the United States. Northeastern Pennsylvania, after all, has the only commercial deposits of anthracite coal, the premium coal for domestic use (Lecture 2/11/02).... [tags: Essays Papers]
655 words (1.9 pages)
- Every day in the United States people turn on a light, use the oven, and watch television. The energy needed to do these trivial everyday tasks is often taken for granted, yet it is greatly required at all times. A small percentage of this energy is provided by the burning of coal to produce power. The removal of coal for energy has been a long thought out process since the early 1960’s (Holzman). The removal of coal up until around the 1990’s was all done underground, removing the coal by using pick axes, mules, and rail cars.... [tags: Environment, Energy]
1523 words (4.4 pages)
- Acid Rain and Its Effects on the Biosphere Introduction: Acid Rain: whenever I conjure up images of acid rain I always allude to huge, boiling-red raindrops falling from mean purple clouds on a path destined for destruction. I can see them spiraling down uncontrollably in fireballs of rage to the earth; it becomes very apparent. Perhaps my imagination has gotten the better of me here, but acid rain is definitely no sweetheart. Actually, acid rain looks like any other rain. Believe it or not, it does not have flaming tales on the end of it, but it can produce some serious risks to the world as we know it.... [tags: Geology]
1474 words (4.2 pages)
- The Effects of Dental Amalgam on the Environment The disposal of dental amalgam, specifically the mercury component, has become a controversial topic in the past twenty years. Due to the concern this issue brings, many studies have taken place regarding the effect of mercury on the environment and in humans. Amalgam is the most common material used in restorative dentistry due to its low cost, ease of use and stability (Chin et al., 2000). The basic ingredients include silver, tin, copper and mercury.... [tags: Environment ]
1487 words (4.2 pages)
- "Excuse me miss, but you have the cutest little accent," the pizza delivery guy said. "Well, thank you," I replied. "If you don't mind me asking, where are you from. I know that you aren't from around this area with an accent like that." "I am from a little town called Hazard," I replied reluctantly, realizing exactly where this conversation was headed. "Oh, is that where the Dukes of Hazzard are from?" he asks chuckling. "No, that place is Hazzard, Georgia. I live in a little town in southeastern Kentucky." "I bet you all have a lot of barefoot, pregnant people there don't you?" he asks with a discriminating smile.... [tags: Appalachia]
1395 words (4 pages)
- Appalachia is a 205,000-square-mile region that follows the spine of the Appalachian Mountains stretching from southern New York to northern Mississippi. It is home to more than 25 million people. Being rich in natural resources, the region contains some of the richest mineral deposits in America (Daugneaux 1981). The coal, timber, oil, gas, and water contained within the Appalachian Mountains are resources that have historically influenced the economic characteristics of the region. The Region's economy has been highly dependent on mining, forestry, agriculture, chemical industries, and heavy industry, among which coal mining appears to be the largest financial contributor to the economy.... [tags: natural resources, mineral deposits]
1115 words (3.2 pages)
- Effects of Overpopulation and Industrialization on the Environment Throughout history, the world’s population has expanded in an extremely exponential fashion-- taking over three million years to achieve a one billion person benchmark, it then only took 130, 30, 15, 12, and 11 years to reach subsequent billions, respectively. (Southwick, 159) Such a massive and still increasing population, combined with the environmentally detrimental repercussions of industrialization (as a result of the need to sustain such a large population), namely pollution from fossil fuels, has begun to take a serious toll on our planet’s ecosystem.... [tags: Environment Environmental Pollution Preservation]
1394 words (4 pages)
- Effects of Agriculture on the Environment Introduction: Agriculture has changed dramatically, especially since the end of World War II. Food and fibre productivity rose due to new technologies, mechanization, increased chemical use, specialization and government policies that favoured maximizing production. These changes allowed fewer farmers with reduced labour demands to produce the majority of the food and fibre. Humans, like all other species, exploit their surroundings for the resources they need to survive.... [tags: Agricultural Environment Nature Essays]
2078 words (5.9 pages)
- Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States. With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves. Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost. Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.... [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]
654 words (1.9 pages)