The Effects of Stress in the Workplace Essay

The Effects of Stress in the Workplace Essay

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Today the world is at fast pace and people are having a lot of pressures and demands at workplace. A person who suffers from pressures or stresses in other words, their normal psychological and physiological well-being also gets affected. Stress is a body’s process of responding to a task [1]. Stress typically defines a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an influence on a person’s mental and physical well-being [1]. Stress is defined in various forms pressure from the environment, then as pressure within the person; also interaction between the situation and the individual. It is the psychological and physical state that results when the belongings of the individual are not adequate to manage with the demand and pressures of the situation. Stress can undermine the achievement of goals, both for individuals and for organizations [3]. The degree of stress experienced depends on the functioning of two protective physiological mechanisms. First is alarm reaction, that is, when confronted with a threat to our safety, our first response is physiological arousal. Second is adaptation, that is, it allows us to cease responding when we learn that stimuli in the environment are no longer a threat to our safety. There are various signs of stress which includes how you feel, how you think, how you behave and how your body adapts and reacts. There are many types of stress: good stress as eustress, bad stress as distress, acute distress and chronic distress [2]. Stress takes place at work which is termed as workplace stress or occupational stress. It is a measure of pressure an individual senses in relative to his/her job. A variety of external factors can lead to job stress. These include: work schedule, pace of work, job...


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...d as ‘the band aid’ approach [8]. Tertiary prevention is concerned with the treatment, rehabilitation and recovery process of those individuals who have suffered or are suffering from serious ill health because of stress.

This study discovers a series of roots of workplace stress and a three-level intervention strategy for managing stress at work. Study would identify the various intervention strategies namely Primary, Secondary and Tertiary that are used to manage stress in the IT sector and would investigate: Do they occur in combination or isolation leading to which reality? In the study, the intervention strategies mentioned are compared with stress parameters defined later in the report. It will examine a person’s stress level and what prevention strategy he/she needs. Also, in case the preventions are occurring separately or in combination is determined.

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