Essay about The Effects of Stereotype Threat and Self-Esteem on Task Performance

Essay about The Effects of Stereotype Threat and Self-Esteem on Task Performance

Length: 3168 words (9.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

There have been many studies on stereotype threat and self-esteem and their negative effects on task performance. These studies have focused primarily on minorities such as women, blacks, Latinos and Asians and have found that stereotype threat and self-esteem have influenced negatively in task performance. Steele (1997) investigated how self-esteem and stereotype threat affects task performance and has found that most of task failures have to do with the individual social environment. For instance, a study was conducted in which black students completed a difficult task with either a black or white experimenter. The task was described as intelligent test (Steele & Aronson, 1995). When the experimenter was white, the student performed more poorly than white students, but only when the task was described as a test of intelligence. However, when the experimenter was black, the performance of the black students in the task improved. This study was the first to show that bringing racial stereotypes in a task performance will reduce positive outcomes in the individual (Katz, Robert & Robinson, 1965).
There are also studies that have been done on self-esteem and the effect that it has in overall performance (Brockner, 1986). Researchers have demonstrated that task performance of low self-esteem individuals suffers in the presence of self-focusing stimuli. An example of this finding is a study, in which 90 undergraduates high and low in chronic self-esteem received false success or failure feedback of self-focus stimuli (Steele, Spencer, & Lynch, 1993). Whereas high self-esteem performed equally well following success or failure, low self esteem participants in the success condition performed significantly better than low self-esteem pa...


... middle of paper ...


...s to make students feel bad and unworthy. People with lower levels of self-esteem attempt to deal with their flaws to be accepted (Brown & Dutton, 1995)
Expectations
Participants with high self esteem and no exposure to stereotype threat will perform the highest on task performance. Several studies in the past have shown that people have a general inclination to self-enhance, and this inclination is especially strong for those with greater levels of self-esteem (Tesser, 1988). For instance, people with higher self-esteem (as opposed to those with lower self-esteem) are more likely to present themselves in an overly positive achievement (Baumeister, 2003) and to perceive positive evaluators as more accurate than negative evaluators (Bosson & Swann, 1999). Participants with low self esteem and exposure to stereotype threat will perform the lowest on task performance.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effect of Self-Esteem and Stereotype on Task Performance Essay examples

- There have been many studies done on task performance that have indicated that many factors can affect task performance. In this study, we are going to focus on how self-esteem and stereotype threat affect task performance. This topic is very important to study because it will help us understand about how our performance is affected by self-esteem and stereotype threat. At some point in our lives our performance is been measured, in daily activities as job, school and in sport. When one measures task performance, people should be aware if other thing affects their performance....   [tags: Psychology]

Strong Essays
4051 words (11.6 pages)

Essay on The Effect of Feedback on Performance and Self-Concept

- High performing cultures continually strive for improvement. Continuous feedback is required for this continuous improvement. Without feedback, you are walking blind. At best, you will accidentally reach your goal. At worst, you will wander aimlessly through the dark, never reaching your destination (Retrieved September 28, 2013 from www.opm.gov). Dodging feedback can be very harmful; one always remains stuck in that particular situation. Positive or negative feedback not only enhances/deteriorates performance but also has a huge effect on one’s self-concept....   [tags: performance evaluation, criticism]

Strong Essays
802 words (2.3 pages)

The Effects Of Stress And The Workplace Essay

- Stress and the Workplace Every work environment has certain stress level inherent in its modus operandi, and how employees react to the different situations is likewise varied. Many theories try to explain an employee’s attitude can alter the expected negative reaction to workplace stress. These broad concept of identifying “moderators” can be simplified by considering if the individual employee has a type A or B personality, his or her locus of control, hardiness, and self-esteem. A moderator is defined as “a variable that affects the direction or strength of the association between two other variables”, employee and work related stress (Landy & Conte, p....   [tags: Motivation, Locus of control, Self-esteem]

Strong Essays
1251 words (3.6 pages)

Relationship of Self-Esteem to Objective Success: Is it a Cause or Consequence?

- It has been stipulated that self-esteem is one of the most studied concepts in social psychology. In the now classic study Pygmalion in the Classroom by Rosenthal and Jacobsen, it highlights how teachers' unfounded beliefs about their students became objective realities of the students performance (Baumeister, Campbell, Krueger, & Vohs, 2003, p. 2). Early studies like this one has ignited the pursuit to find ways to increase self-esteem and encourage instillment, or creation, of self-esteem to guarantee future success....   [tags: Psychology ]

Strong Essays
1868 words (5.3 pages)

Women 's Influence On Body Image And Self Esteem Essay

- Research Paper Today, women everywhere in America see their gender being taken advantage of, sexualized, and objectified from a young age. On almost every advertisement, whether it be a for a car, a food chain, or a clothing label, you’ll see a thin, beautiful woman with very little clothing on, flaunting themselves in a sexualized manner that leaves little to the imagination. In essence, females are reduced to their body parts by companies who aim to make a profit. The use of female bodies in advertisement and media has created a long-lasting, if not permanent effect, on those exposed to it....   [tags: Gender, Female, Sexual objectification, Woman]

Strong Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

Statistical Report on the Effects of Self-Efficacy on Depression Essay

- ... This is mainly the case with the individual is living mainly in the residence halls and depend more closely on friendships to manage stress (Friedlander, 2007). Depression on adolescence Depression among adolescence is a concern for college personal. It is believed in various findings that females are twice as likely to have depressive symptoms as opposed to males. This can be due to the support of the institution and the less frequency that young adolescent whether male or female depending on parental support....   [tags: social anxiety, shyness, self-esteem]

Strong Essays
1343 words (3.8 pages)

The Effects Of Defensive Pessimism On Stress With Anxiety And Motivate Performance ( Norem And Cantor )

- Most individuals can attest to being too self-critical and have a pessimistic attitude towards a situation at a point in their lives. It is simple to assume that pessimistic attitudes and anxiety would be less effective in coping with stressful events, but studies indicate using defensive pessimism is effective in coping with anxiety and motivate performance (Norem and Cantor, ). Recent studies have demonstrated that rumination, or the tendency to dwell on a future event and rehearse all scenarios, is associated with negative emotions and depression....   [tags: Pessimism, Optimism, Anxiety, Nihilism]

Strong Essays
820 words (2.3 pages)

Analysis Of Stephen Bonnycastle 's ' Search Of Authority ' Essay

- Stephen Bonnycastle in his criticism, In Search of Authority, explains stereotypes as, "The system (sometimes known as “the patriarchal order”) that causes the majority of men and women to take on these different roles ... hidden, like the rules of grammar in a language."(10). When a stereotype is introduced into a situation for a extended period of time, it is psychologically proven that it will become an expectation. Stereotypes prove to act as an obscuring lens into which most people view the world....   [tags: Stereotype, Stereotypes, Self-esteem, Bullying]

Strong Essays
1385 words (4 pages)

How Can We Stop Bullying? Essay example

- How can we stop bullying in society. Introduction Bullying is quickly becoming amongst the biggest societal problems that we currently face. Bullying can be defined as constant harassment of an individual (s) over a long duration (Hason-Hardings, 39). Bullying often starts as simple teasing and remarks, but may potentially and quickly turn to physical abuse. Surprisingly, bullying starts at a very young age right from when one joins elementary schools. There are several ways by which bullying starts and the victim’s reaction often depends on who they are around and the actual place bullying is taking place at....   [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Self-esteem, Psychological abuse]

Strong Essays
1253 words (3.6 pages)

Psychological Effects of Child Abuse Essay

- Due to the rise of domestic violence in many families, psychologists are helping affected children cope and confront their emotional imprisonment by using various methods. Over the years, there has been a drastic increase in domestic violence cases. In many instances, the children are most affected in the involvement of the violent disputes. Psychologists study the behaviors of affected children and develop a plan of treatment that aim towards the child’s overall health. Psychologists provide the best treatment by immersing themselves inside the child’s situation and connecting with what the child sees....   [tags: Domestic Violence, Treatment, Therapy]

Strong Essays
1222 words (3.5 pages)