The Effects Of Sleep Intervals And Long Term Memory Retention Essay

The Effects Of Sleep Intervals And Long Term Memory Retention Essay

Length: 1116 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Literature Review
Sleep is a vital portion of human life. Sleep helps the body recharge and repair. In recent history literature has been produced that supports a link between declarative memory and sleep. The aim of this literature review is to exaime previous studies surrounding the relationship between sleep intervals and long term memory retention.

Sleep smart – optimizing sleep for declarative learning and memory authored by Gorden Feld and Susanne Diekelman in 2015 reviews neurological studies done by other academics in the field and appoarches to sleep’s interaction with declarative memory in the slow wave sleep interval. The relavent article portion focouses on encoding, the learning of information, consolidation which is the process of turning memories into enduring memories and retrival. A revelvent theory bought forward was the ‘theory of system consolidation’, it states that neural replays of memory during slow wave sleep strengthens memory traces during proeceding awake periods. It is also linked with the ability to restore of learning capabilities. The hippocampus during wakefulness has new information encoded into it storing the information in the short term. During sleep the hippocampus is reactivated along with the cortex aiding in the creation of cortical long term store. The slow oscillaations that aid in the reactivation of the hippocampus are generated by the cortex during slow wave sleep. They help sleep spindles which have plasticity enhancing properties transfer new information into long term memories. Feld and Diekelman discuss briefly however a new theory, that evidence has been provided that rapid eye movement sleep (REM) has a similar interaction . The theory of system co...


... middle of paper ...


...sleep patterns. The participants were exposed to 180 images that ranked as positive, neutral or negative, 72 hours after the initial exposure a recognition test was administered focusing on neutral and emotional images. Half of the participants had been deprived of sleep post-encoding night. 6 months later participants were asked to do a retrieval session. A “know” and a “remember” response were once again recorded as in Hu, Stylos-Allan, and Walker’s aforementioned experiment. Following the same protocol Sterpenich et al study employed a three key system to identify the images as “know”, “remember” or as “new”. This was repeated 6 months later. The results concluded that there was statistical evidence to support the hypothesis and that recollection significantly changed between 3 days and 6 month retests, irrespective of the emotional weight of encoded items. –add?

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effects Of Sleep On Memory Consolidation Essay

- In a 1973 study, Mary Janet Fowler, Micheal J. Sullivan and Bruce R. Ekstrand found that there was a higher retention of paired associate words when the subjects slept during the first half of the night than when they were awake during the day (Gais, Lucas & Born, 2006) Criticism of Sleep and Memory Consolidation Findings Though there are a number of studies that have found that sleep has an influence on memory consolidation, recently there has been new research conducted that raises questions about those findings....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Memory]

Better Essays
1850 words (5.3 pages)

Relationship Between The Sleep Amount And Its Effect On One 's Memory And Amount Of Information Retained

- The topic for my research is to understand the relationship between the sleep amount and its effect on one’s memory and amount of information retained. Considering the fact that so many first year students including myself went through a big change this year from high school and under peer- pressure believed in cramming and studying most of the time in libraries until late night before exams and still not receiving the results we hoped for, I wanted to look into these two variables personally. Regardless of age group, I want to just understand the the relationship between my independent variable sleep amount (in hours) and dependent variable memory/ information retained (in generic units i.e...   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Memory, Sleep disorder]

Better Essays
2138 words (6.1 pages)

The Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Children Essay

- Introduction It is generally understood that getting enough sleep plays an important factor as people go through their day to day lives, nevertheless many people do not rank sleep as one of their top priorities. In many cases, people prefer to use the time spent on getting the proper amount of sleep on other activities such as finishing a report for work or doing some last minute studying for a midterm. However, reducing the amount of sleep one gets not only affects one’s academic performance, but their physical health as well....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Cognition]

Better Essays
1146 words (3.3 pages)

Sleep Deprivation : Sleep And The Adverse Effects Of Sleep Disorders And Deprivation

- Sleep Deprivation: Sleep And The Adverse Effects Of Sleep Disorders and Deprivation Dave Tamola Southeastern College The human body requires oxygen, proper environmental conditions, food and water to maintain acceptable homeostasis and to prevent illness or disease. A more specific, but essential, aspect that the human body needs to maintain optimal physiological and mental performance is adequate intervals of sleep. Adequate and regular sleep on a daily basis must be, at the very least, minimally satisfied to prevent the adverse affects associated from sleep deprivation....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Circadian rhythm]

Better Essays
1515 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Sleep Deprivation On The Body And Brain

- Today, sleep deprivation is a well-known phenomenon. Unfortunately there are still various unanswered questions to this idea. Thankfully with much research we have learned a few effects that lack of sleep has on the human body and brain. A few experimental research studies, the researchers looked at the effects of sleep deprivation on the brain itself. The results of these experiments show that sleep deprivation effects brain chemistry. It also affects various areas of the brain such as connectivity and signaling, especially in the hippocampus and frontal brain regions....   [tags: Cerebral cortex, Brain, Sleep deprivation]

Better Essays
1280 words (3.7 pages)

Can The Response Sleep Deprivation? Humans Be Heritable? Essay

- Can the response to sleep deprivation in humans be heritable. Kuna et al. studied if there is evidence of heritability of sleep homeostatic drive in humans. To assess this, the researchers measured the increase in performance lapses on psychomotor vigilance tasks (PVT) during 38 hours of total sleep deprivation in 59 monozygotic twins and 41 dizygotic twin pairs. In order to achieve this, patients were instructed to maintain their regular sleep/wake schedule one week prior to the sleep deprivation protocol....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Heritability, Twin]

Better Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)

Does Age Of The Person Effect Memory Consolidation During Sleep? Essay

- The topic I am writing about is memory consolidation and sleep and how sleep-dependent memory consolidation is effected as we age. First off, memory consolidation is the phenomenon where memory is consolidated while we sleep, which leads to an improved performance following a retention interval of sleep (Ashworth, Hill, Karmiloff‐Smith, & Dimitriou 2014). I wanted to write about this topic because I always wondered why studying right before bed helped me remember things better. The questioned I aim to answer is “does age of the person effect memory consolidation during sleep?” First of all, Ashworth, et al (2014) examined how sleep enhances memory consolidation in children....   [tags: Sleep, Memory, Sleep deprivation]

Better Essays
1296 words (3.7 pages)

The Effects Of Sleep On Learning And Memory Essay

- The extent and eminence of sleep has a profound impact on learning and memory. A sleep deprived person cannot focus attention optimally and cannot learn efficiently. “Sleep is a biological phenomenon that is modulated by the plasma concentration of melatonin and with influence on behavioral aspects and memory” ( Donadon 2016). All through life sleep plays a biological part in memory. Sleep has a role in the alliance of memory which is essential for learning new information. As some may know, many college students do not get adequate sleep but what effect does this have on their way of learning....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Fatigue, Sleep disorder]

Better Essays
888 words (2.5 pages)

The Effect Of Sleep Deprivation On False Memory Formation Essay

- One of the most interesting phenomenon related to memory is memory distortions. One way in which they occur is through suggestibility, where people begin to remember false experiences if researchers suggested to them that they experienced it (Sternberg and Sternberg, 2012). In real-life situations, this is caused in part by memory being constructive “in that prior experiences affects how we recall things and what we actually recall from memory” (Sternberg and Sternberg, 2012). People’s prior experiences, including their bias and expectations, may influence how they experience false memory formations; the formation of false memories is also affected by several possible factors, one of which m...   [tags: Memory, Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Amnesia]

Better Essays
1238 words (3.5 pages)

The Effects Of Sleep On Sleep Deprivation On Children Essay

- Now and days children do not get the adequate hours of sleep due to various factors in their life matters. A good night sleep is important to ensure children are functioning effectively during the daytime. Therefore, it is recommended children go to bed early to be able to stay engaged and concentrate in their daily activities (Habekothé & Wittenboer, 2000). Most children need at least 9 hours of sleep every night (Taras & Potts‐Datema, 2005). Sleep is a vital component for students to have the energy to be successful....   [tags: Sleep, Memory, Sleep disorder, Circadian rhythm]

Better Essays
1207 words (3.4 pages)