The Effects Of Sedentary Lifestyles On Sedentary Lifestyle Essay

The Effects Of Sedentary Lifestyles On Sedentary Lifestyle Essay

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Over the course of history, humans have evolved from an active nomadic lifestyle to a sedentary way of life. However, this is a different type of sedentary lifestyle from the sedentary lifestyle seen currently. As people further enter the technological world, the active lifestyle slowly fades into the distant past. For instance, cars have replaced the need for walking to or from destinations. Another being, people no longer have to spend energy to hunt for food or grow their food. All they just have to open their refrigerator and pick out what they would like to consume. As a consequence of sedentary lifestyles and the consumption of more and more carbohydrates, stored away in adipose tissues in the body, the body no longer needs to expend more energy, only performing the essential functions to keep the person alive. This is the case because there is no extraordinary circumstance, such as farming or hunting, for the body to expend more energy, which leads to a rise in obesity and consequently the emergence of many concerning health-related issues, the biggest of them being diabetes. The rising prominence of diabetes in society is of utmost concern, for medical professionals to treat patients they must know the symptoms, diagnosis, and the effects of diet and insulin in the body.
Diabetes mellitus, or Diabetes, is a metabolic disease with two distinct types: Type 1 and Type 2. The first type of diabetes results from the inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin which results from the destruction of pancreatic beta cells. Destruction of these beta cells is a cause of concern because they are the cells which produce insulin, a hormone which maintains normal blood glucose levels. Symptoms such as polyuria (excessive amount of urine...


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...re meals (ADA, 2015). The second is Biguanides, which lower blood glucose levels by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver. Metformin is a type of biguanides which are taken two times a day; the only side effect is diarrhea which can be prevented if taken with food (ADA, 2015). The third is Meglitinides which are similar to Sulfonylureas in that Meglintides also stimulate beta cells to release insulin. There are two types of Meglitinides, Repaglinide, and Nateglide, which are taken before each meal (ADA, 2015). The fourth is Thiazolidinediones, which help insulin work better in the muscles and fat, and also reduce glucose production in the liver. There are two common types of Thiazolidinediones used today, Rosiglitazone and Pioglitazone which are monitored closely for liver problems, and if they appear to increase chances of heart failure (ADA, 2015).

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