Diabetes mellitus, or Diabetes, is a metabolic disease with two distinct types: Type 1 and Type 2. The first type of diabetes results from the inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin which results from the destruction of pancreatic beta cells. Destruction of these beta cells is a cause of concern because they are the cells which produce insulin, a hormone which maintains normal blood glucose levels. Symptoms such as polyuria (excessive amount of urine...
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...re meals (ADA, 2015). The second is Biguanides, which lower blood glucose levels by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver. Metformin is a type of biguanides which are taken two times a day; the only side effect is diarrhea which can be prevented if taken with food (ADA, 2015). The third is Meglitinides which are similar to Sulfonylureas in that Meglintides also stimulate beta cells to release insulin. There are two types of Meglitinides, Repaglinide, and Nateglide, which are taken before each meal (ADA, 2015). The fourth is Thiazolidinediones, which help insulin work better in the muscles and fat, and also reduce glucose production in the liver. There are two common types of Thiazolidinediones used today, Rosiglitazone and Pioglitazone which are monitored closely for liver problems, and if they appear to increase chances of heart failure (ADA, 2015).
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