The Effects Of Preterm Birth On The Way It 's Distributed Within The Population

The Effects Of Preterm Birth On The Way It 's Distributed Within The Population

Length: 1386 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Epidemiology is described as the study of the cause of a certain type of diseases along with the way it’s distributed within the population. In epidemiology the assumption is that a disease do not occur randomly, but follow predictable patterns that can be studied and expressed in terms of , what, where , who, how, when, along with what’s next.
According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC) ‘preterm birth affected more that 450,000 babies. This is equivalent to 1 in every 9 infants born within the United States. Preterm related cause of death together accounted for 35% of all infants’ death in the year 2010 more than any other cause. Preterm birth is also leading the cause of long-term neurological disabilities (CDC, 2014).
In a recent interview with a local Public Health facility providing services and specialty health care for infants, they were ask a series of question based on their facility and services provided. Once the interview was completed it was obvious that there was a greater need of services and treatment wit the local community. Even though the aim of the program was to provide specialize medical treatment for children in the community they were lacking some of the necessary resources needed such as providers for each specialty such as providers to care out each particular service.
Data collected from the CDC shows that there has been increase in premature births with critical health issues affecting infants are prematurity, cerebral palsy, developmental delays along with vision and breathing problem’ CDC (2014). It is essential that this public health facility has equipment and manned with the right amount of equipment and resources to run their organizations. With status of the economic condition couple wi...

... middle of paper ...

... effectiveness of the services provided by their facility is defiantly a part of their this organizations task. Lastly core task number 10 does not tie into this agency, as there are no ongoing research or solution initiated in this program. Almost all the patients that enter this program are already diagnose by a provider with a specific condition that requires some specialty type of care.
Epidemiology has the ability to significantly increase the understanding of a specific disease particularly how it is transmitted; access certain problems within a community, groups or population. These groups are particular at a higher than normal risk when it comes to a particular disease. Therefore it is important for the study of epidemiology to take place as it provides clear and beneficial intervention to those more at risk and in need of special assistance and care.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effect Of Maternal Stress During Pregnancy On The Risk For Preterm Birth

- Effect of Maternal Stress During Pregnancy on the Risk for Preterm Birth Today, there are many different reasons that contribute to preterm births. “Multiple pregnancies, vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, and polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios are all associated with an increased in premature delivery” (Lilliecreutz, Laren, Sydsjo, & Josefsson, 2016, p. 2). Typically, these factors are related to preterm pregnancies. In addition, factors such as having high levels of stress during pregnancy can also lead to having preterm births....   [tags: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Pregnancy, Cervix]

Better Essays
733 words (2.1 pages)

Research On Preterm Babies And Preterm Infants Essay

- Research on Preterm Infants Giving birth can be a stressful situation for some parents, especially if the infant is coming earlier than expected. Most parents will worry if this situation will affect their child’s development now and in the future. Researchers have also pondered this question giving them the idea to perform tests on young infants to see if there really is any true effect of having a late preterm baby. Summary The article, Development of exploratory behavior in late preterm infants, explores the idea of late preterm infants developing differently from that of a term infant....   [tags: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Infant]

Better Essays
901 words (2.6 pages)

Literature Review on Preterm Birth Essay

- Preterm birth is defined as ‘any neonate whose birth occurs before the thirty seventh week of gestation’1 and represents approximately eight percent of all pregnancies1-4. It is eminent that these preterm infants are at risk of physical and neurological delay, with prolonged hospitalisation and an increased risk of long-term morbidity evident in prior literature3, 5-13. Innovative healthcare over the past thirty years has reduced mortality significantly14, with the survival rate of preterm infants having increased from twenty five percent in 1980 to seventy three percent in 200715....   [tags: birth, birthweight ]

Better Essays
745 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Premature Birth And Its Effects

- Premature birth can occur for various reasons and most often causes problems in the neonate ranging from underdevelopment to acquired illnesses in extra uterine life. Any birth between 20 weeks, 0 days of gestation and 36 weeks, 6 days of gestation is considered a pre-term birth, and births are categorized as very preterm, born less than 32 weeks, moderately preterm, born between 32 and 34 weeks, and late preterm, born 34 to 36 weeks (Lowdermilk, Perry, Cashion, & Alden, 2016). Premature neonates who are born significantly early and survive are more susceptible to developing problems such as respiratory distress, apnea, feeding difficulties, hyperbilirubinemia, and temperature instability (L...   [tags: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Nursing, Cervix]

Better Essays
1012 words (2.9 pages)

The Birth Of Preterm Babies Essay

- Not all parents have the luxury of bringing their newborn home after birth. In the United States, 10 to 15 percent of babies born wind up in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) due for reasons including prematurity, heart problems, birth defects, breathing irregularities and infections, among others (Knispel). A preterm infant is defined as a baby who is born less than 37 weeks gestation. Upon arrival preterm infants are faced with more health challenges than a full term newborn. Preterm infants can experience: anemia, respiratory distress syndrome, low birth weight, hypoglycemia, among others....   [tags: Infant, Breastfeeding, Milk, Childbirth]

Better Essays
1057 words (3 pages)

Causes And Effects Of Caffeine On Babies Essay

- A teratogen is any agent that causes abnormality in a developing embryo. Teratogens are agents that cross the placental wall and cause physical abnormalities, along with cognitive and behavioral defects. Usually, these malformations show up anywhere from the third to eighth week of pregnancy, or the first trimester, which is when major organ systems are developing. Some types of teratogens consist of certain medications, chemicals, and infections or other diseases in the mother (Things to Avoid During Pregnancy: Teratogens, 2016)....   [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Fetus]

Better Essays
1093 words (3.1 pages)

Effects Of Kangaroo Mother Care ( Kmc ) Essay

- The purpose of this research is to study the effects that Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has on breastfeeding with mothers of both very preterm, and preterm infants. The study explored the relationship between the extent of KMC and three separate variables: duration of breastfeeding, quantity, and the mechanism. There was no theoretical framework in this study. The subjects included 300 mothers, with 103 having given birth to very preterm infants (less than 32 weeks), and the other 197 with preterm infants (between 32-36 weeks)....   [tags: Infant, Infant mortality, Infancy, Childbirth]

Better Essays
1619 words (4.6 pages)

Alcohol Consumption Among First Time Mothers And Its Effects On Preterm Birth

- State the results of the research The results of the study by Dale, Bakketeig, and Per Magnus (2016) regarding alcohol consumption among first-time mothers and its effects on preterm birth do not indicate a clear risk reduction for drinking during pregnancy. The surveys issued at gestational week 15 received a 94.9% response rate, with a sample size of 101,769 for the questionnaire and 108,327 from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRM). Collected data was narrowed to a total of 46,252 participants who met the criteria of primiparous women with singleton pregnancies who delivered between week 22 and 43 of gestation....   [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Prenatal development]

Better Essays
702 words (2 pages)

The Hormones And Its Effects On The Human Body Essays

- The hypothalamus controls both the anterior and posterior pituitary causing certain hormones to be released which allows growth, nutrition to ones unborn fetus, and body maturation. If such intricate collaboration between the hypothalamus and the posterior and pituitary gland did not exist then certain malfunctions such as pituitary dwarfism would exist. Therefore collaboration between such intricate glands must exist in order to release certain hormones for proper development, but the path the hormones must travel to reach their destination involves a hypothalamo neurohypophyseal tract and a hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal system....   [tags: Hypothalamus, Growth hormone, Endocrine system]

Better Essays
770 words (2.2 pages)

Preterm Birth Essay

- Preterm Birth: Preterm birth is defined as a baby who is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. In 2006, the infant mortality rate in the United States due to prematurity/low birth weight accounted for 17 percent of all infant deaths (M.Bitler & Currie, 2011). It is not only problematic emotionally for the family involved; it is also problematic financially for both the family and the economy. According to the March of Dimes, in 2009 the average medical costs for a preterm baby was more than 10 times higher than when a woman had a healthy full-term infant (Peristats - March of Dimes, 2009).The average costs were $49,033 and $4,551 respectively (Healthy People 2020).The more risk factors that are...   [tags: Health, Pregnancy]

Better Essays
1563 words (4.5 pages)