Poverty is a dynamic process, and the first piece, which is impacted, is child health. Children who live in low-income families usually do not have sufficient access to medical care; poor health is the result. When children do not have health insurance or their family does not have financial resources, they will not have suitable vaccinations and check ups that are necessary to make sure that they are healthy. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, “Poor children have increased infant mortality; more frequent and severe chronic diseases such as asthma; poorer nutrition and growth; less access to quality health care; lower immunization rates; and increased obesity and its complications”(“Poverty Threatens Health of U.S. Children”). In addition, children growing up in poverty normally do not have proper essential nutrients. They often do not have access to fresh foods and vegetables; unfortunately, most of the food available through local food pantries and charity services contain high level of sodium, sug...
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...ity to educational facilities since they cannot to afford the necessary fees charged on their use.
Poverty negatively affects children in many ways. Children who are victims of poverty suffer more from chronic illness, infant mortality is at a higher rate in low-income families, and their growth patterns pertaining to height, weight and developmental indicators are usually in the lower percentiles. Research has also shown that the lack of parental involvement, whether due to time, availability, or apathy helps to perpetuate the lack of desire for an education. Overall, poverty is the single greatest threat to children’s well being and it should be one of the main focus in America. An effective public strategy would be to offer more job opportunities to low income parents with free childcare and preschool. Therefore, investments in susceptible children are crucial.
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