This essay discusses the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder on current soldiers of the armed forces. The purpose of this paper is to showcase research on the topic of PTSD to inform anyone wanting to know what veterans and soldiers are put through on and off the battlefield.
What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD? Post-traumatic Stress Disorder is a psychological anxiety disorder that can occur from witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event. Events include but are not limited to military combat, natural disasters, or sexual assault in adult or childhood. Whenever a traumatic occurs, the brain releases the hormone glucocorticoid which is used to help control the response of stress. It is necessary for the hormone to replenish before another stressful event happens. When it becomes drained or depleted and a second event happens before the hormone is replenished, the stress becomes intensified which increases the person’s chance of developing PTSD.
Effects of PTSD include symptoms that interfere with your everyday life. There are four major symptoms which include: flashbacks or reliving the incident, avoiding situations that trigger flashbacks, negative changes in beliefs and feelings, and feeling hyperarousal. Since flashbacks are a major symptom, it is possible that memories of the event are likely to reoccur. Seeing, hearing, or smelling something will cause you to relive the incident. It is also known that you’ll try to avoid certain situations, people or even conversations. Activities that have been a favorite pastime will become more null and won’t show an interest in it anymore. Feeling jittery and easily startled is another symptom which leads to paranoia, anything loud or surprising may become extremely s...
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...than others. What they found was a chemical called neuropeptide Y. this chemical is believed to the body’s own anti-anxiety drug. It is used whenever someone is exposed to a traumatic event; whenever this chemical becomes drained from two or more traumatic events, the person becomes more fearful and is less likely to overcome stressful situations.
Today virtual reality is one of the many new approaches to help reduce PTSD. This allows the patient who has experienced a traumatic event become an active observer instead of relying on their own recollections to overcome their symptoms.
Overcoming post-traumatic stress disorder is very achievable. Although it may be hard, treatment is very effective with the support of friends and loved ones. There is hope that the treatments listed and new studies can and will help our combat troops to overcome their struggles with PTSD.
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