One particular article mentions that there are two types of spills: shore-bound surface spills and the deep-ocean oil spills. Surface oil spills are more detrimental to the health of species that occupy that space, such as seabirds. In addition, organisms within shallow waters are affected by the oil spills. These include salt-marshes and mangroves (Peterson et. al 2012). Oil itself is conventional or unconventional depending on the quality of the oil. Conventional oil is light and flows underground from reservoirs easily. Unconventional oil is heavy and thick, making it less desirable for use (Hirsch et. al 2005).
From smaller oil spills to the Deepwater Horizon spill, and others like it, oil spills are one of the most detrimental effects that oil has on the environment. Oil drilling, most of which leads to spills and other negative environmental impacts, he...
... middle of paper ...
Nowak R. 2005. Greener lubricants clean up oil drilling. New Scientist. 186:26.
Peterson CH, Anderson SS, Cherr GN, Ambrose RF, Anghera S, Bay S, Blum M, Condon R, Dean TA, Graham M, Guzy M, Hampton S, Joye S, Lambrinos J, Mate B, Meffert D, Powers S.P, Somasundaran P, Spies R.B, Taylor C.M, Tjeerdema R, & Adams E. 2012. A tale of two spills: Novel science and policy implications of an emerging oil spill model. Bioscience. 62:461-469
Peterson CH, Rice SD, Short J.W, Esler D, Bodkin, JL, Ballachey BE, Irons, DB. 2003. Long term ecosystem response to the exxon valdez oil spill. Science. 302: 2082- 2086.
Rabalais N. 2003. Oil in the sea. Issues in Science and Technology. 20:74-78
Rist C. 1999. Why we'll never run out of oil. Discover: 80-87.
Schmidt CW. 2010. The arctic drilling controversy. Environmental Health Perspectives. 118:A394-A397.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Oil “Black Gold” is one of the largest grossing industries in today’s economy it is considered one of the most precious resources in the world. Unfortunately it is so “precious” in some people’s eyes that its worth killing thousands and having wars that last for decades long’s. Although the advances we have made in cars and technology requires gasoline, should it finally be time to find alternative resources. Is there anything truthfully worth thousands of people’s lives. Has the “Oil rush” gone too far.... [tags: Petroleum, Natural gas, Petroleum industry]
1602 words (4.6 pages)
- Negative Effects of Oil Drilling Issues facing the marine environment regarding oil pollution in water have always been a problem, but more recently it has been becoming more common. Because oil drilling harms the marine life, it raises the question: is oil drilling really the best idea. There is research out there that proves that marine oil spills are extremely harmful to both sea creatures, and the earth. There should be an alternative to oil drilling in the marine environment, due to potential marine oil spills that can occur and harm the many living creatures of the ocean.... [tags: Petroleum, Oil spill, Ocean, Marine biology]
855 words (2.4 pages)
- Oil spills and drilling has an effect on our environment. It’s estimated that since humans have first started drilling into the earth, we have drilled over 1700 holes into the ocean floor (Normile & Kerr 2003). Oil drilling can lead to oil deposits accumulating beneath thick layers of salt. Drilling at ~4,000m deep involves extreme conditions; the oil itself may be around 200oC, while the temperature of the ocean floor might be just above freezing. This would cause the pipe to burst, which has a high probability of leading to oil being spilled.... [tags: shore-bound surface, deep-ocean spills]
1927 words (5.5 pages)
- Back in 2010, I joined a website where artists uploaded their original pieces. One artist, in particular, named Wenqing Yan, painted an alarming depiction of what was probably a heron drowning in oil. Later on, I would come back to read the description, which basically summed up the environmental disaster going on in the Gulf of Mexico. The intention of the artist was to raise awareness on the severity of the BP oil spill. While this main incident in the Gulf of Mexico furthered environmental preservation efforts, many asked, “Why did this happen in the first place?” Whereas we need oil, offshore drilling should be banned given that it strongly affects people and the environment.... [tags: Petroleum, Oil spill, Drilling rig]
1432 words (4.1 pages)
- Drilling oil in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is a serious issue for environmentalists and for the future of the United States. Should the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge be opened to oil drilling. This paper will debate whether or not we should allow Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to be opened to oil drilling. This will also show the impact it has on the environment, and I will show a critical analysis of the current issue of whether or not to drill. History Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is located in the Northeastern part of Alaska and is the largest wildlife in the country.... [tags: Oil Drilling Environment]
1545 words (4.4 pages)
- People in the U.S. use oil every day. Powering cars, heating homes, and providing electricity are just a few examples of how we use oil fuels in our daily life. Where would we be if we woke up tomorrow and couldn't fly because there was no fuel, or products containing plastic were taken off the market. "In fact, oil is a part of everyday items such as crayons, bubble gum, and deodorant (Mooney 19). Oil is the number one source of energy in the U.S. today. However, the U.S. imports 140 billion worth of its oil supply every day from unstable regions such as Canada and Mexico (news desk).... [tags: offshore drilling,petroleum extraction,carbon]
1249 words (3.6 pages)
- The world that we live in today is filled with millions and millions of different species, some fairly new and some fairly old. However, these different animals and invertebrate are becoming more and more harmed from oil spills. Oil has been around for other 300 million years (Morse 2013), it was only until humans started extracting oil in 1859 (Beyer 2016), becoming careless and over using the black gold, has resulted in animals and humans themselves being harmed. These accidental spillages of oil in gulfs or oceans from ships that are transporting goods or from rigs that are drilling deep in the earth have resulted in spills that destroy ecosystems, death of wildlife and harmful to human’s... [tags: Petroleum, Oil spill, Exxon Valdez oil spill]
1215 words (3.5 pages)
- The United States relies on imports for about forty percent of its crude oil, which is the lowest rate of dependency since 1991 according to the U.S Energy Information Administration. Today our country is trying to keep on track in becoming less and less dependent. When it comes to the topic of the future ways the United States will get its fuel, most of us readily agree that the United States should become more independent by using natural gas that is already here on our land. Where this argument usually ends, however, is on the question of the consequences drilling for natural gas brings.... [tags: drilling sites, dependency, energy]
1644 words (4.7 pages)
- North Shore Oil Exploration and Drilling There is some evidence that oil exists under the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. This has led to a huge debate as to whether or not companies should be allowed to drill for this oil. A law was passed by congress in 1980 that states “production of oil and gas from the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is prohibited and no leasing or other development leading to production of oil and gas from the [Refuge] shall be undertaken until authorized by an act of Congress.” If these oil companies do succeed in abolishing this law, then a land that has stood virtually untouched would be destroyed for what the United States Geological Survey has estimated is only... [tags: Oil Environment Argumentative Ecology Essays]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- Crude oil is black gold that has been even sought out even in the ancient times. The Chinese in the fourth century drilled 800 feet deep oil wells to burn the oil to produce salt. Oil has a long history. America’s has massive oil demands and off-shore drilling has become a temporary solution and scientist are trying to find alternative sources of energy that can last us a very long time. There are many disadvantages and hazards when it comes to offshore drilling. Theses disadvantages can affect the wildlife, animal population, marine environments, pollution and much more.... [tags: Energy]
1398 words (4 pages)