The Effects Of Nationalism On A Country And Its People Essay

The Effects Of Nationalism On A Country And Its People Essay

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Spanning from 1901-2000, the 20th century was one of drastic change and violence, as the first international wars involving countries worldwide were fought with World War 1 and World War 2. The advancements in science and technology has led to a change in the way people live their daily lives compared to the 19th century. The 20th century was also the birth of words such as, nationalism and genocide. Coincidentally, it is in this century that the bulk of acts of nationalism and genocide have taken place. Nationalism is a strong concept and many people today, in the 21st century are still learning and researching the effects and influence that this idea had and may have on a country and its people. Professor Vincent Barbarino from the New York State College is one of these peoples. He calls attention to the 2 aspects of nationalism: the positive and the negative; the ideas of self-determination versus racism and genocide. He questions whether one aspect can tip the balance and cast the idea of nationalism in that light (whether positive or negative). However, Barbarino suggests that there may not be such a black and white answer to that question; he suggests that humans must learn to balance the scale so that it does not tip, especially in favour of the negative aspect. Nationalism is a powerful concept, however it is a concept that is often more dangerous than it is safe, and we should not embrace it. Nationalism is a very powerful political force in the world. It can lead to a change in perspective to a dehumanized view, the loss of a nation, and ultranationalism.

A nation may have such strong views of nationalism that their views of other nations and races may change and become dehumanized. Dehumanization is the method in whic...


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...s of cultural nations through the process of expansion and assimilation. Nationalism can also become very extreme, leading to ultranationalism and racism as responsibility and commitment to one’s own nation transforms to opinions of antagonism and hostility towards other nations that may be perceived to be a threat to your own. The events in the 20th century indicate that acts of nationalism have led to massive death tolls and loss of different cultural groups; and it is through these acts as evidence that the idea of nationalism should not be embraced and should be considered with care. As stated by Professor Vincent Barbarino, a balance between the positive and the negative aspects of nationalism must be found. However, if the present trend of events involving nationalism occurring in the world has indicated, this balance will be difficult to achieve and maintain.

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