The Effects Of Media On Children And Adolescents Essay

The Effects Of Media On Children And Adolescents Essay

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In the past decade, increases in the use of technology and social media have raised concerns about how high levels of exposure to screen-based media can affect children and adolescents. Although the number of hours spent watching television has not increased significantly in the last fifty years, the number of television sets per household has. Televisions programs and content have also changed dramatically; featuring more violent and inappropriate content. Compared to fifty years ago, children now have access to a wider range of video games, as well as more leeway when it comes to internet usage. In the following study, Namik Top analyzed how parents, if they choose to, monitored their children’s use of screen-based media. Top also analyzed which demographic of parents was the most restrictive of their children’s media use.
Social cognitive theory, states that children can learn to function through the process of observing and modeling adult behavior, was used to create the framework for this study. Prior studies have demonstrated that less parental monitoring resulted in more negative behaviors, such as accidental injuries in young children and smoking in teens. “When parents also monitor their adolescents’ media usage, there might be some behavioral and development improvements during late childhood and adolescence,” (Top 197). Therefore, Top concluded that by examining the socio-demographic differences in how parents monitor screen time, researchers might be able to “better comprehend parenting types in adolescent media usage that may have implications for adolescent adjustment and developmental outcomes,” (Top 197).
Since media is being introduced to children at a much younger age, parental monitoring can be crucial. How...


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...d the challenging social and health issues that online youth experience by encouraging families to face the core issues of bullying, popularity and status, depression and social anxiety, risk-taking, and sexual development,” (O’Keeffe 803). Therefore, it is not just the responsibility of parents to watch a child’s media use, but rather health care professions, as well as teachers.
Relating this back to Top’s research findings, the decision for parents to monitor screen-time for younger children, was wise considering the negatives of too much media. However, parents should not simply stop monitoring a child’s use of media simply because the reach a certain age, but rather give them freedom as the parent deems fit. Although, at the moment, research findings on this topic are slim, in the near future, this will likely become a much more discussed and researched topic.

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