The Effects Of Language Development On Children 's Development Essay

The Effects Of Language Development On Children 's Development Essay

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Language development is a complex topic which has been largely debated about amongst linguists over a long period of time. Some believe that language is acquired through experience and communication with those in their environment (nurture). Studies have indicated that there is a correlation between environmental factors (such as the way we speak to infants and socio economic status) and language acquisition. Conversely, others claim that language development is natural and innate (nature). Research shows how language is inherent regardless of what the language is. Additionally theorists such as Noam Chomsky believe that we are born with an intrinsic mechanism/device for acquiring language (Bee & Boyd, 2010). Either way, it seems that both nurture and nature play vital roles in a child’s language development.

A child’s environment can impact children’s’ ability to acquire language on many levels. That is, social experience with language within a child’s surroundings shape how their language develops. Adults in a child’s environment can support language acquisition by providing children with opportunities for communicative experience, which motivate a child to develop their language (Garton & Pratt, 1998). Parents commonly interact with children in a certain way that is unlike the speech used when communicating with other adults (and pets); this is known as motherese. Motherese is the infant-directed speech/language that adults often use to talk to infants. It is characterised by the following prosodic and language features: high-pitched, slow paced, varying in loudness, exaggerated intonation (stress/emphasis) particularly on vowel sounds and sentences are short and gramatically simple (Gazzaniga, Ivry, & Mangun, 2002; Owens, 2...

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...yd, D. (2010). The developing child (12th ed.). Boston, New York , San Francisco, Mexico City, Motreal, Toronto, London, Madrid, Munich, Paris, Hong Kong, Singapore, Tokyo, Cape Toen, Sydney: Allyn & Bacon.

Blakemore, S.-J., & Frith, U. (2005). The learning brain: lessons for education. Malden, MA, Oxford, Victoria: Blackwell.

Crystal, D. (1941). Child language, learning and linguistics : an overview for the teaching and therapeutic professions (2nd ed.). London: Edward Arnold.

Garton, A., & Pratt, C. (1998). Learning to be literate : the development of spoken and written language (2nd ed.). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Gazzaniga, M. S., Ivry, R. B., & Mangun, G. R. (2002). Cognitive neuroscience: The biology of the mind. (2nd ed.). New York & London: W.W. Norton & Company.

Owens, R. E. (2014). Language development : an introduction (8th ed.). Harlow, Essex: Pearson.

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