Essay on The Effects of Infertility on Families and Marriages in Kenya

Essay on The Effects of Infertility on Families and Marriages in Kenya

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This paper will discuss the effects of infertility on families and marriages in Kenya. It will draw conclusions from the works of Cui (2010) from the World Health Organization and Dr. Fathalla (2010) who has been published in the Journal of Reproductive Health. It will cite the works ofDr Gamal (2010), President of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) as well as Erickson and Brunette (1996). It will also outline the works of Kimani and Olenja (2001) with regard to the cultural impact of infertility among women in Kenya. It will draw statistics from the CIA World Fact Book and discuss MacComarck’s (1994) piece on the women in Moyambs District. This article will also include Vanderpoel’s (2010) work for the Reproductive Health and Research Department at the World Health Organization (WHO).

How the rate of infertility is growing/increasingly common in Kenya
As of 2013, the estimated Total fertility rate in Kenya was 3.76 children born per woman. According to the CIA World Fact Book (2013), this is a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
“The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman,” states the Fact Book. “A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers.

Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their chi...

... middle of paper ...

...eproductive health-care systems.

For many infertile women, she says, particularly those with problems such as blocked or severely scarred fallopian tubes where surgical tubal repair is either not successful or not advisable, in vitro fertilization (IVF) can help.
This technology enables eggs to be fertilized directly by sperm outside the woman’s body, without the egg or sperm having to pass through a blocked tube. The fertilized embryo is then transferred back into the woman's uterus. While not all cases can be solved this way, making the technology accessible and affordable can go a long way in solving the problem of infertility.

Other women have also sorted out crude methods of being fertile i.e. Seeking Witchdoctors and sacrificing to their gods for miracle, since they believe the gods are angry at them. But after all this they have not succeeded in the quest.

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