From 1870 to 1900 era was called the Gilded Age, a time of immense growth in the United States in transportation, especially in railroads, American workers were paid higher wages than their peers in Europe. In this thirty year span the United States saw twelve million immigrants pass through her golden doors, 70% of these immigrants were English, Irish, and German. Crop failures (potato famine in Ireland), job shortages, and religious freedom were the motivations behind many immigrating to America. Newly arrived immigrants faced a harsh reality in America, employers took advantage of them, the men were often paid less than other native born men and the women were paid even less. Immigrants suffered verbal and physical abuse from employers and other employees because they were different. While researching my Italian heritage I learned that Italians, especially southern Italians were not treated well because they were hired as strikebreakers or scabs by mining and railroading companies. They were called derogatory names such as "dagoes or guineas". Newspapers of the time said the southern Italians were "intellectually inferior and having ...
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... and have relatives living in the United States. The majority of European immigrants speak English or have a working knowledge of English, 65 % are ages 18-64 and 31% over the age of 65, 40% of adults have a college degree.
In 2014 28% of immigrants in the US were of Mexican nationality. Most live in California and Texas, have limited command of the English language, lower education and face a reality of living below the poverty rate.
"Every immigrant who comes here should be required within 5 years to learn English or leave the country." (Theodore Roosevelt n.d.)
"A Nation that cannot control it 's borders is not a nation." (Ronald Reagan n.d.)
"Every aspect of the American economy has profited from the contributions of immigrants." (John F. Kennedy 1964)
"Not only do immigrants help build our economy, they invigorate our soul." (George W. Bush December
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