The Effects Of Exercise And Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

The Effects Of Exercise And Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

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According to Bolton and Raznahan (2008), “Autism Spectrum Disorder refers to a group of childhood-onset neurodevelopment disorders characterised by problems with social communication and repetitive behaviours”. There are many treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder, but in the last few years, it has been demonstrated the impact of exercise in children with this disorder. In the next paragraph, it is going to be explained the link between exercise and Autism Spectrum Disorder, and how regular exercises improves ASD children’s life, reducing some of the main symptoms and increasing other reduced skills within this disorder.
Exercise also increases physical factors, as motor-skills, “Improvements in muscular and cardiovascular endurance, effects for strength, and small effects for flexibility” (Chanias et al., 1998). This is important because according to some research, children with intellectual and developmental disabilities, such as autism, tend to obesity, cardiovascular disease and sedentary lifestyle (Dranheim et al., 2002). Moreover, Lee et al. (2008) argued that it could be provoked by the diminution of social motivation to participate in social activities (taken from Fombonne et al., 2014), which is one of the characteristic symptoms of this disorder.
This disorder is wide-spectrum, which means that different people diagnosed with autism will not have exactly the same symptoms. Nevertheless, there are some core symptoms that characterised this disorder, such as stereotyped behaviours, lack of social skills, monotone while speaking, difficulty to understand their listener’s perspective, echolalia and resistant to change, between others.
It has been demonstrated that exercise is a noninvasive and effective strategy...


... middle of paper ...


...ic responding, social skills and decrease some core symptoms such as stereotypical behaviours.
But nevertheless, it has to be said that some of the studies named below have recognized limitations such as low samples and short period research, between others. But that not quit merit to this studies, because they have found a healthy alternative to some traditional treatment.
For this reason, it is important to continue researching within this field. It would be beneficial for educators, therapists and parents to know in a deeper way the mechanism involved in exercise effects. Moreover, it would be interesting to research in topics such as the period of time necessary to decrease some symptoms and increase some skills within Autism Spectrum Disorder. Some studies have found improvements after 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (Lee et al., 2012).

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