The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa Essay

The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa Essay

Length: 933 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

By the year 1924, approximately one-quarter of the world’s total land area and population was under the control of the British Empire. This was the time at which it was at its peak -- however, the British were faced with an abundance of competition during this time. Preceded very closely by the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, this sudden hunger for expansion was felt by many “famished” countries in Europe -- and elsewhere around the world -- that wished to acquire new territories and, in so doing, gain status and boost their economies. A notable example of the extent to which a need for expansion took hold of Europe is the Scramble for Africa -- an event that can be considered a prominent display of active imperialism. During the turn of the 20th century, Africa was divided up by the major imperialistic powers of Europe (as well as some non-European countries). France, Germany and the United Kingdom were the primary imperialist powers involved in the Scramble for Africa, with 15%, 9% and 30% of the continent being allotted to them respectively; each country left its deep impressions on the continent, many of which are observable today.

France, being the second-most-prominent power in Africa, mainly impacted it culturally. Although its cardinal motivation to expand its empire to Africa involved economic reasons (such as the slave trade), there was also an intent to assimilate and, in essence, glorify French ideals and culture. Very little evidence of its economic presence in Africa remains -- however, a French presence can be very easily detected. French is the primary official language in 18 African countries; it is one of two official languages in another country; finally, its undeniable and pow...


... middle of paper ...


...ut whether the Scramble for Africa was the spawn of typical imperialist greediness or necessity from the Industrial Revolution -- however, a conclusion that one is able to draw is that it shaped the continent and greatly contributed to its state today. The three most important imperialist powers involved in the colonization of Africa were France, Germany and Britain -- each left their deep “footprints” and had tremendous influence on the continent. France primarily made a cultural and political impact, while Germany’s legacies involved the bitter aftertaste of genocide; the United Kingdom, on the other hand, left the English language, which is a hallmark of its successes with imperialism and colonization. In essence, Africa was affected by historical imperialism to a great extent -- it remains very difficult to ascertain whether the effects were positive or negative.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effects of European Imperialism on South Africa Essay

- The county of South Africa is an economically flourishing country and probably the most advanced country on the continent of Africa. However the entire continent of Africa is probably the most undeveloped part of the world. Why is South Africa so different from the rest of its continent. Karen Politis Virk explains that it is because of South Africa’s developed economy and diverse population (Virk 40). South Africa has three main ethnic groups: African, Afrikaners, and the mixed race. The Afrikaners and mixed races have many roots to Europe and Asia giving the nation even more diversity and a culture melting pot....   [tags: World Civilization ]

Better Essays
1861 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Spread of European Imperialism in Africa

- The 18th and 19th centuries were known as the height of Imperialism. European countries became more and more engaged in the “Scramble for Africa”. Nations including Britain, Spain, France, Portugal, Belgium, and Germany raced to conquer lands in Africa. Imperialism in Africa had many negative and positive effects on the conquered country. It brought modernized technology and certain reforms, while it also introduced racist laws, enforced harsh labors, and ruined the economies of many colonies. Although European imperialism in Africa brought modernized technology, Imperialism was not beneficial for Africa due to the social, economic, and political costs that the Europeans brought....   [tags: imperialism, african colonies, africa]

Better Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Imperialism in Asia

- As many people know, Imperialism has shaped the culture and customs all over the world. Imperialism is the dominance of one country over another politically, economically or socially. Western culture can be seen in all parts of the world; from Asia to Africa, to the Indies and the Americans. The downside of having the bits of western culture all over the world, is how it got there. Western influence was forced upon places in Asia, specifically India, Indonesia with a hellacious price; lives and poverty....   [tags: Imperialism]

Better Essays
1275 words (3.6 pages)

European Imperialism During The 20th Century Essay

- The glory of imperialism from the 17th to the 20th centuries can best be summed up in this quote: “Hunters for gold or pursuers of fame…bearing the sword…bearers of a spark from the sacred fire. What greatness had not floated on the ebb of that river into the mystery of an unknown earth!…The dreams of men, the seed of commonwealths, the germs of empires”(Heart of Darkness). The cause for imperialism motivated nations by economic, ethnocentric, political, and religious reasons; a nation-state had the opportunity to expound upon their influence on the balance of power and existing social order....   [tags: United States, World War II, Imperialism]

Better Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on The Rise Of New Imperialism

- The rise of New Imperialism attracted various countries, and captivated their population by creating benefits for citizens of the industrialized nations. Capitalists and socialists, though on opposite side of the ideological scale, both found significant success through imperialism. New Imperialism captivated capitalists because the inherent mechanism of the system allowed them to profit by exploiting poorer countries for raw materials, meaning they could create specialized, lucrative products. Meanwhile, socialists reveled in the low unemployment rates and rising equality of the workers at home....   [tags: Imperialism, Africa, Colonialism, United Kingdom]

Better Essays
2181 words (6.2 pages)

The Abolition Of Colonialism On Sub Saharan Africa Essays

- Since 1960, the imposition of colonialism on sub-Saharan Africa has affected the continent in many ways. Pacifically political and economic development. Africa has gone through so much just to become an independent country. Going back 1870 when Belgians began to trade with Africans in the Congo. The other European countries began to worry about missing out on the many amazing raw materials Africa possessed. The most important factor that motivated European colonial expansion was economic gain. This is due to industrial revolution, which began in Britain in the second half of the eighteenth century....   [tags: Africa, Colonialism, Sub-Saharan Africa]

Better Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)

The Effects of Imperialism in Africa Essay

- Throughout history, imperialism has led countries to extend their rule over weaker countries and then colonized those countries to expand their own power. Imperialism allows the ruling countries to use the weaker countries for their resources. Colonizing other countries would then lead to growth and a better reputation for the dominating country. There are many examples of imperialism throughout European history. When many European countries “scrambled” for Africa, it seemed as though Africa had no say in anything....   [tags: colonization, cultural loss, freedom]

Better Essays
557 words (1.6 pages)

Migration and Disease in Africa during European Imperialism Essay

- The Relationship between Migration and Disease in Africa during European Imperialism During the era of European Imperialism, from approximately 1880 to 1930, an increasing number of Europeans began to colonize West Africa. Because of this colonization many African natives migrated eastward, inadvertently transporting diseases to which the East Africans were not immune (Ransford 76). This phenomenon can be explained through examining the implications of geographical isolation, the effects of large-scale migration, and alluding to a specific example of disease transference in Africa from the west to the east....   [tags: European History]

Better Essays
736 words (2.1 pages)

The Negative Effects of Imperialism in Africa Essay

- ... By having a colony in Africa, Europeans would have easy accessibility to cheap labor, and be part of the slave trade. Document 1 shows this when it says, “These holdings are worked by natives under their direction. The foreigners take wealth out of the country. All the hard work is done by the enslaved natives.” This would make an already outstanding profit into an even better one. There are many positive effects for the Europeans when they conquered Africa. However, some may argue that the negative effects outweigh the positives....   [tags: diplomacy, force, indigeous, profit]

Better Essays
637 words (1.8 pages)

Imperialism Essay

- Imperialism      Whether for economic, nationalist, or humanitarian reasons, more powerful nations have often interfered with the affairs of weaker nations. These more powerful nations, including the United States, Britain, and several European countries, have in the past exploited less fortunate ones for resources, capital, and knowledge. Yet in return countries located in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia have gained the technology and capital that, over a period of time and development, improves their quality of life....   [tags: Imperialism Colonization History Essays]

Better Essays
1063 words (3 pages)