The Effects of Erikson’s Eight Stages of Life on Personality Essay

The Effects of Erikson’s Eight Stages of Life on Personality Essay

Length: 2120 words (6.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Effects of Erikson’s Eight Stages of Life on Personality
The personality of an individual changes and develops over a lifetime, and these changes may either help or hold one back from attaining their goals. Getting stuck in a certain stage of development may affect one mentally and socially. According to Erikson (1963) a stable, functional individual successfully progresses through each stage and shapes a personality that is unique and stable. This paper investigates the possible effects on personality of regression to an earlier stage: it is hypothesized that individuals who do not develop through the eight stages of life will have damaging issues in terms of their personality.
Erikson’s eight stages of life are as follows; Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair (Erikson, 1963). In the first stage infants are dependent on others therefore trust must be established within the infant and the adult. In the second stage children need to grow a sense of independence from the adult caregiver seeing as they were so dependent in the previous stage. In the third stage children need to experience a sense of power but it cannot be overwhelming because the guilt will come into play. In the fourth stage is where the child needs to develop coping mechanisms to deal with new social and academic commands. In the fifth stage is when teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity to stay true to themselves. In the seventh stage is where you learn to form intimate, loving relationships with others. The eighth stage is where adults need to create and nurture th...

... middle of paper ...

... the next in the stated order. Finally, determining what factors correlate with the affects of personality depending on the stage of life can have affects.

Works Cited

Domino, George; Affonso, Dyanne D. (1990). Journal of Personality Assessment, 54(3/4), p576,
Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and Society (2nd ed.). NY: Norton.
James, Jacquelyn Boone; Zarrett, Nicole. (2005). Journal of Adult Development, 12(4), p155-
167, 13p1 Diagram, 5 Charts; DOI: 10.1007/s10804-005-7084-y
Roseborough, David. (2003). Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 8(2/3),
p29-53, 25p DOI: 10.1300/J137v8n02_03
Singer, Jerome L.; Singer, Dorothy G. (1972). Annual Review of Psychology, 23(1) p375, 38p
Sneed, Joel R.; Whitbourne, Susan Krauss; Culang, Michelle E. (2006).Journal of Adult
Development, 13(3/4), p148-157, 10p DOI: 10.1007/s10804-007-9026-3

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development Essay

- According to Magill, “Erik Erikson's identified the eight stages of psychosocial development which to cover a specific period of time and is biologically based” (Magill, 1998, p. 225). Erikson wanted to try to combine Sigmund Freud’s emphasis on sexual drives with the emphasis on social motive stress by other theorist (Wittig, Belkin, & Wittig, 1990, p. 279). The stages will be discussed later in the essay. I will be also giving a brief history introduction of Erik Erikson. Erik Erikson Erik Erikson was born in 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany....   [tags: Human Developmental Stages]

Term Papers
886 words (2.5 pages)

Stages of Development: Erikson vs. Freud Essay

- In 1905 Sigmund Freud theorized that childhood development happens in stages, which are called “Psychosexual Development Stages.” In 1950 Erik Erikson developed “Psychosocial Stages,” which are greatly influenced by Freud’s theories. Freud’s theory centers on psychosexual energy or the libido. Erickson’s theory centers on issues and tasks being met at specific ages. Even though we are sexual beings, our developmental stages do not focus entirely on sexual pleasures. Both theories do show that personality develops in stages....   [tags: Childhood Development, Adulthood]

Term Papers
1455 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Freud 's Psychosexual Theory And Erikson 's Psychosocial Theory

- Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory are two very renowned developmental concepts. Erikson was persuaded by Freud’s ideas but he elaborated on the theory differently. Erikson’s theory emphasized how both earlier and later experiences are proportionately important in the person’s development and how personality develops beyond puberty. But, Freud would argue that most development occurs during the earlier period of an individual’s life. Freud’s psychosexual stages comprised of five stages that ends in puberty....   [tags: Psychosexual development, Sigmund Freud]

Term Papers
860 words (2.5 pages)

Personality Development Essay

- This paper explores three different theories to discuss (Alex Blake’s) personality development. I will explore different online personality test as well as breaking down some of the way Alex reactions to different circumstances as I evaluate some of her reactions and conclude if she is adaptive or maladaptive to the situation(s) We’re raised to believe for every cause there is an effect, Newton's Third Law of Motion states "For every action there is equal and opposite reaction." Thus people act and do the things because they are reacting towards an action....   [tags: Psychology]

Term Papers
1795 words (5.1 pages)

Eric Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development Essay

- According to Eric Erikson, there are eight different social stages a person must go through as they mature. Each stage has a positive characteristic and a negative characteristic. If positive characteristics are fulfilled then their future will look good. So to what extent can the lack of reinforcement to the positive characteristics of Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development effect you. The effects can be quite horrifying. Especially if all of the stages the only characteristics fulfilled are the negative aspects....   [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development]

Term Papers
1431 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Stages

- ... guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generatively vs. stagnation, and integrity vs. despair. Chris Kyle would have successfully passed the trust vs. mistrust stage according to Erikson. In this stage the basic virtue obtained is hope and a child should resolve this stage from birth to one years old. In order to obtain this, Kyle would’ve to have predictable, stable, and consistent care from his primary care giver. Erikson theorized that if a person develops mistrust it will lead them to fear the world around them....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Term Papers
973 words (2.8 pages)

Erikson 's Theory Of Eight Stages Of Development Essay

- ... According to Erikson’s theory, successful toilet training and freedom in tasks such as picking out clothes, toys, and food will lead to a positive outcome in this stage of development. “I remember as a young one how much I loved to play house with my neighbor or play doctor and pretend to do surgery on my cat; once I even tried to do surgery on a frog!.” Initiative versus Guilt is the third stage in Erikson’s third stage of psychosocial development. This stage occurs during the pre-school years of three to five....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Term Papers
1524 words (4.4 pages)

Explanations of Personality Development Essay

- Explanations of Personality Development According to Sigmund Freud, what we do and why we do it, who we are and how we became this way are all related to our sexual drive. Differences in personalities originate in differences in childhood sexual experiences. In the Freudian psychoanalytical model, child personality development is discussed in terms of "psychosexual stages". In his "Three Essays on Sexuality" (1915), Freud outlined five stages of manifestations of the sexual drive: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital....   [tags: Papers]

Term Papers
686 words (2 pages)

Erikson 's Stages Of Development Essay

- Erikson’s stages of Development Erik Erikson developed eight psychosocial stages that occur through life. These stages help parents of younger children understand what the child is thinking and why they are acting the way that they do. For a person to become a well-rounded adult they need to succeed in each level. This essay will discuss the first six stages into young adulthood. The first stage is infancy and it covers the first year of life. The issue in this stage is trust versus mistrust....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Term Papers
1099 words (3.1 pages)

Comparing Erikson's and Freud's Views on Personality Essay

- Freud believed that we are dominated by biological needs, especially sexual, that must be controlled if we are to become civilized human beings. In his view, our perpetual struggle to tame these impulses leads to the emotional conflicts that shape our personality. According to his Psychoanalytic Theory, personality is shaped by an ongoing conflict between peoples primary drives, particularly sex and aggression and the social pressures of civilized society. Also early childhood experience plays a major role in molding personality....   [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages]

Free Essays
300 words (0.9 pages)