There are theatrically two distinct models that are explaining valence effects on emotional word recognition. One system believes emotions are emerging from motivational systems, appetitive or aversive. This system suggests responses to highly valence stimuli are much quicker than responses to less valence stimuli, in this theory the polarity of valence is not significant. In this model valence is a continuous dimension from positive to negative and in the middle is the neutral, this model is known as motivational system (Kousta, Vinson & Vigliocco , 2009). In contrary, Estes and Adelman (2008) introduced a new model. This model is based on automatic vigilance hypothesis, which is sta...
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...uli were word or non-word by pressing one of the two keys on keyboard with left or right index finger. Once the participants understood the task they started the experiments. Each block was consisting of 80 trails, 40 being non-words. Words were presented in a random order. All stimuli were in capital letters in white using face Courier New font; size 18, presented on a black screen. Between each block participants were allowed to take a short break. The experimental session lasted about approximately 20 minutes.
The result of this study is presented in Table 1. The mean reaction times for correct responses and error rates for each condition is included. Negative words were recognized slower and with more errors compare to neutral and positive words. Positive words were recognized faster and had the lowest error rate compare to negative and neutral words.
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