The Effects Of Economic Conditions For Crime Depended On The Strength Level Of A Noneconomic Institution

The Effects Of Economic Conditions For Crime Depended On The Strength Level Of A Noneconomic Institution

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Messner and Rosenfeld suggested that the effects of some economic conditions for crime depended on the strength level of a noneconomic institution (Chamlin and Cochran. 1995). For instance, a weak controlled noneconomic social institution would promote higher levels of instrumental misconduct. Messner and Rosenfeld’s institutional anomie theory revealed indicators of some noneconomic institutions influenced economic deprivations (1995). The findings of Messner and Rosenfeld theory have been compared to many other theorists such as Merton, Gottfredson and Hirschi. For example, Gottfredson and Hirschi’s argued that an individual’s crime could manifest itself to engage in a variety of criminal and delinquency acts (Armstrong. 2005). They clarified self-control as an individual’s criminal tendency to be focused to participate in criminal and delinquency acts which questioned their behaviors (2005). During Merton study (1938,1957) he documented that the social compositions are effective by dominant values in our system. He stated that the American culture was a place who put an emphasis on rewards, for example, the American Dream. To illustrate, when the social structure has failed to provide means of achievement sufficiently; there is an increase in the crime rate as a result (Chamlin and Cochran. 1995).
Messner and Rosenfeld extended Merton’s beliefs on the relationships between cultures, social structure, anomie and crime rates (Messner and Rosenfeld. 1995). They stated that the American culture places an emphasis on monetary success goals. For instance, they were able to contradict that dominant values were produced of strong pressures in order to employ a more efficient way to achieved rewards. Granted that the institutional anom...


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...l tends to have an “here and now” orientation in order to pursue immediate pleasures either legally or illegally (1994). To illustrate, they categorized people with low self-control to have traits such as preferred risk taking, being self-centered, and impulsive. However, Messner and Rosenfeld believed that culture produces pressure of rewards which Gorttfredson and Hirschi referred to as pleasures. These rewards were coupled with a weaken institution it caused a rise in criminal activity. Therefore, individuals’ who have shown signs of LSC are more likely to be absence of nurturance, discipline or training. The control theory viewed delinquency as a result of weakened bonds to a family, peers and school. Hirschi’s reasons for deviant behaviors demonstrated that people are restricted by the bonds to society, and if weakened these bonds influence people to be deviant.

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