The use of drugs and alcohol has seen a dramatic increase within the United States in the last decade. Drugs like methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol have become a norm in today’s society. Even more devastating,, is that there is evidence that drug and alcohol use are becoming more popular in the pregnant population. Drugs and alcohol can result with some severe effects in the normal population let alone that of the pregnant population. This paper will further investigate the kind of effects that methamphetamine, cocaine, and alcohol have on a baby prenatally and postnatal.
During pregnancy, it is essential that a woman take good care of herself. Pregnancy typically lasts anywhere from 38-42 weeks. It is recommended for a woman to put on 25-30 pounds of weight during pregnancy. This weight gain is vital to support the growth of a healthy baby. Pregnant women frequently become nutrient deficient during pregnancy because the nutrients are first provided to the baby and then to the mother second. Doctors also instruct pregnant women to take a multivitamin to supplement for additional deficiencies that occur during pregnancy. Once a woman becomes pregnant, an embryo forms in her uterus. Three to eight weeks after conception, also known as the embryonic stage, the organs of a baby begin to quickly develop. Nearly all of the organs besides the sex organs are developed during this period. Due to the rapid development of organs in this sensitive stage, the embryo is especially vulnerable to teratogens. Teratogens are classified as any foreign substance, environment, or behavior that could have adverse effects on prenatal development. Teratogens can include: malnourishment, X-rays, hazardous ch...
... middle of paper ...
...usion, “dichotomizing groups related to the cultural identity scales potentially oversimplifies the interpretation of participants’ cultural affinity.” (Barlow, 2008). Semi-structure interviews and surveys also are limited in the fact that they can produce faulty data due to the dishonesty of participants. There is no way of telling if the participants are telling the complete truth.
Based off the evaluated studies, there is some substantial evidence that cocaine exposure dramatically effects the development of a fetus as well as an infant. Unfortunately, the studies are not precise enough to draw any definitive conclusions. In the future, I would advise scientists to be more specific with their experiments. I would also advise future studies to develop an experiment that rules out as many variables as possible. Therefore, producing more accurate results.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There are many affects that drugs and alcohol can have on the body, and on the life of a person. Thousands of jobs, homes, and families are lost annually through the addictions of drugs and alcohol. Children grow up without parents, spouses are forced to raise their children as single parents, and grandparents become legal guardians for a second time, due to the effects of substance abuse and dependence. Exactly how addiction is defined and diagnosed is an on-going issue and one that will be discussed in this paper.... [tags: Drugs, Alcohol Essays]
2041 words (5.8 pages)
- There is ample proof that children and youth are exposed to and recall alcohol advertising, and increasing evidence of associations between liking alcohol advertisements and under-age drinking. Alcohol advertisement can enhance hazardous drinking measures if restrictions are not put into place. Alcohol advertisements are marketed during concerts and sporting events where some youth are involved. With this being said, should alcohol advertisement be banned. Nevertheless, there is a wide age range of viewership that employs that if a ban is to be put into place the intensity of advertising; should not be shown during peak hours of the day when children are listening to the radio and viewing te... [tags: Alcoholic beverage, Drinking culture, Alcohol]
985 words (2.8 pages)
- Since social workers work with mental health and addiction cases this policy is very important. Women who are using alcohol during their pregnancy have a greater risk of their child being born with a birth defect such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. One goal of the policy was to increase public awareness about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. There is a major risk of consuming alcohol during pregnancy and in order to decrease the number of children born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome the public needed to be informed.... [tags: Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome]
724 words (2.1 pages)
- Introduction Rum, vodka, wine and beer all conjure up an image to most people in the United States. Alcohol is shown on television, showcased in commercial and normalized in movies. Even though it is dramatized in the social setting alcohol negatively impacts men and women worldwide. The commonality and legality of alcohol create a sense of safety in the consumption and overindulgence of the substance, but it is just as addictive and harmful of other psychoactive drugs (Inaba & Cohen, 2014). In 2012, there were approximately 2 million members in Alcoholics Anonymous (Sifers & Peltz, 2013), with millions of others in voluntary and mandated recovery groups.... [tags: Alcoholism, Alcohol abuse, Binge drinking]
2067 words (5.9 pages)
- Alcohol can take a major toll on a fetus while it is being developed. Alcohol can sometimes cause life threatening complications after the child has been born. Harm to a fetus can begin as early as the third week in development of a fetus and continue to worsen throughout the whole pregnancy if drugs and alcohol are still consumed. This paper will lead you to understand that alcohol can cause severe complications to an unborn fetus but can also cause life threatening illnesses, physical deficits and long term learning disabilities.... [tags: Fetal alcohol syndrome, Pregnancy]
700 words (2 pages)
- Introduction: Alcohol is one of the most widely used and abused drug in the world. I decided to write about this topic because there are several people who drink alcohol. My family is from Mexico and it is very common for men to drink alcohol. During social events, especially family gatherings, all of the men drink excessively. One person may notice that everybody is drinking so they feel pressured to drink, so they will not feel left out or be made fun of. For many members in my family, drinking alcohol has become a daily habit.... [tags: Alcoholism, Alcohol, Alcoholic beverage]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
- Tobacco is the number one preventable killer in America with alcohol at number two (Preventable Causes of Death). And if drug-related crime and deaths were not enough for society, Marijuana is now legal in Colorado and Washington--which has already created new substance-related problems. Just the fact of legalizing it confuses teens into thinking that it’s not risky anymore, thus promoting adolescent use. Legal or not, the addictive nature of pot has always been the most influential gateway substance to either alcohol, tobacco, or hard drugs.... [tags: tobacco, smoking, marijuana, drugs]
2000 words (5.7 pages)
- According to the CDC, FAS is the leading cause of preventable developmental disabilities and birth defects. It is not known how many people have fetal alcohol spectrum disorders or FASD of which fetal alcohol syndrome is the most prevalent of the spectrum of disorders. CDC studies have identified 0.2 to 1.5 infants are born with FAS per 1000 live births, (this rate is comparable or higher than rates for other disorders such as Spina Bifida and Down syndrome) another study found FAS in 0.3 out of 1000 children aged 7 to 9 years.... [tags: Fetal alcohol syndrome, Pregnancy]
958 words (2.7 pages)
- This paper is a synopsis of the effect of drugs, tobacco and alcohol in the family. I will discuss the different viewpoints of drug dependence along with research perspective of drug dependence. To understand the concept of abuse, we must understand what abuse is. Abuse comes in all forms and I will discuss the many issues associated with drug abuse and how it affects the family. According to quantitative research personality and substance dependence symptoms model substance specific traits. The traits are often found in a family member who has suffered with dependence.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Nicotine]
706 words (2 pages)
- Drugs and Alcohol For nearly 85 years, the government has prohibited pscychoactive drugs. American leaders attempted to do the same to alcohol with Prohibition in the 1920?s. In any society, drug use plays a part in the people?s culture. Whether it be a native taking hallucinogens for a religious ceremony, a destitute alcoholic drinking on a city street, or a group of teenagers smoking marijuana, drugs and alcohol have the same effects in any culture. The question of ?why do people use drugs. has been a dilemma which American medical experts and government leaders have fought to answer for years.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1096 words (3.1 pages)