These happen to be one of the dominant disturbances in the United States as it is a primary process that influences the composition and structure of the vegetation in any given location. In the U.S., an average of about 100, 000 fires burn over an area of 3, 300, 000 acres during the past ten years annually (Flannigan, Stocks, Wotton, 2000). Form year-to-year; there is a great deal of variability in the statistics for forest fires. For example, between 1992 and 1996, there has been an increase of about 5.5 million acres of total burned area. That is, the difference of 6.5 million acres in 1996 and 1 million in 1992 (Flannigan, et al. 2000). Majority of the burnt areas are as a result of relatively small fires, like all the wildland fires in the western U.S. where 1% is responsible for 98% of the total burnt area. The west and southeast of the U.S. are where most of the burned areas typically occur (Flannigan, et al. 2000). The time of the year these fires occur vary based on the regions they occur in. In the southwest and southeast, most of the areas burned occur in May and June. Whereas, in terms of the areas burn...
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...emergency visits in 1991 is a good example (Greenough, et al. 2001).
(2011, January 24). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Climate change. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/basicinfo.html
Flannigan, M.D., Stocks, B.J., Wotton, B.M. (2000). Climate change and forest fires. The Science of the Total Environment, 262, 221-229.
Greenough, G., McGeehin, M., Bernard, S.M., Trtanj, J., Riad, J., Engelberg, D. (2001). The potential impacts of climate variability and change on health impacts of extreme weather events in the United States. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(2), 191-198.
Khasnis, A.A., Nettleman, M.D., (2005). Global warming and infectious disease. Archives of Medical Research, 36, 689-696.
Ramin, B., Svoboda, T. (2009). Health of the homeless and climate change. Journal of Urban Geography, 86(4), 654-664.
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