Human activities such as pollution and deforestation, has changed the climate as a whole, leading to an increased amount of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide to enter the atmosphere. The effects of this has led to higher sea levels, loss of sea ice and an increase in heat waves across the globe.
A recent report released by the Environmental Protection Agency, titled “Climate Change in the United States: Benefits of Global Action” suggest that climate change impacts can be reduced or avoided through greenhouse gas mitigation. It focuses on the physical and economic risks of unmitigated climate change and the benefits the United States would have if they tackled the issue of climate change in a timely manner.
Michael C. Veres, an Assistant Professor of Climatology at SUNY Oswego, suggests that before the nation as a whole begin to address the issue of climate it’s important for citizens to know the difference between “climate change” and “global warming”.
“Climate change refers to any change in the climate, regardless of the cause and can refer to warm and cold over the ice ages over the past one million years,” Veres explained. “Global warming, on the other hand, specifically focuses on the warming that has happened over the last 150 years on Earth because of greenhouse emissions by humans.”
In terms of addressing the negative impacts of climate change Veres suggest the nation to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emission and prevent the worst of the problems altogether.
“Greater fuel efficiency in vehicles and a greater investment into alternative energy sources, in particular clean energ...
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...me structurally vulnerable due to necessary funding to these infrastructures and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
Electric plays an important role in powering our homes with light and assists with the production of goods and our economy as a whole. Electricity relies on a large amount of fossil fuels and according to the EPA, electric use in the nation accounts for approximately 30% of greenhouse gas emissions. Rising temperatures will result in higher electric demand, as air conditioning use will outweigh decreases in electric heating requirements.
Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions will result in smaller increases in average temperature which in the long run lead to lower electric demand across all regions of the country. Mitigation would lead to an estimated 1.1%-4.0% reduction in energy demands and would save power system costs by $10-34 billion.
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