Decreasing sea ice in the Arctic is the most direct consequence of global warming. The covering area of sea ice has been declining since the 1950s and the decline is particularly apparent in summer. In the past forty years, the Arctic sea ice has declined by 14% and it hit the rock bottom in 2007 (WWF). However, the record was broken in 2012 and it is estimated that by 2040, there will be no summer sea ice in the Arctic and it will only exist along the northern cost of Greenland and Canada (WWF). Icebergs of the Greenland Ice Sheet begin to flow away into the ocean. The melting of the icebergs and the decrease of summer sea ice can cause the rise of sea level, which can be disastrous to people living along the coast. According to a report by NASA in 2014, the rising sea level has forced hundreds of thousands of people ...
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... one single solution is enough to solve the issue and many measures should be taken at the same time.
Climate change has been an urgent and serious issue concerning people all over the world. It also has caused dramatic influence on the Arctic region. Due to the rising temperature, the sea ice has reduced rapidly in recent decades. The reduction in sea ice not only contributes to global warming but also adversely affects the marine ecosystem. With changes in the distribution and number of fish, marine animals, such as polar bears, seals, and walrus, cannot find enough food. The soil and vegetation in the region are also affected by global climate change. Arctic glacial melt can lead to the rise in the global sea level and coastal people’s life and work are also threatened. Therefore, it is high time that all countries made collaborative efforts to resolve the issue.
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