The Effects Of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

The Effects Of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

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Cyrus is an active seven year old boy. He spends his waking hours running, playing, and creating fantastical adventures in his mind. Upon a first meeting, most people would be baffled by his abundance of energy. Some might even notice that he has a difficult time listening and responding appropriately. Certain individuals would chalk it up to being a characteristic of his age group. Only those educated in mental illnesses would recognize that he exhibits, or has exhibited previously, nearly all the symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder as well as comorbidity with Specific Learning Disorder.
At home, Cyrus has displayed issues regarding homework, effective listening and personal space. His parents have a difficult time trying to get him interested in doing his homework. He will often attempt to avoid the chore by making excuses, such as needing to use the restroom, needing to get a glass of water, or almost being finished with another, more interesting occupation (usually a computer game or a television show). When he discovers he is unable to completely evade his homework, he will begin bargaining or arguing for a lessened amount. Even when he is finally coaxed into engaging in the work, he struggles with maintaining attention. He is easily distracted by external stimuli and doesn’t stay put very well (when forced to sit, he will squirm in his chair or make excuses to get up). This leads to him making a ton of careless mistakes in his homework. Just a few examples might be: forgetting his place while counting on his hands and thereby writing the wrong answer, guessing at answers he should know in order to avoid the work involved with obtaining it, writing numbers and letters backwards, skipping words while reading,...


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...egories. He doesn’t show symptoms related to other disorders besides these two and these criteria best fit his circumstances. In order to properly diagnose Cyrus, the multiaxial system must be used to address any other issues contributing to his distress. Axis one is Cyrus has Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder, of which he displays both characteristics of Inattentional and Hyperactive/Impulsive. On axis two, Cyrus is being diagnosed with Specific Learning Disorder. In regards to axis three, he displays no other medical problems. On axis four, he experiences both school issues (low grades, low test scores, threats of losing recess) and home issues (little praise, scolded for bad grades, increased homework time). After reviewing the multiaxial system, it is apparent that ADHD, in comorbidity with Specific Learning Disorder, would be a fair diagnosis for Cyrus.

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The Effects Of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

- Cyrus is an active seven year old boy. He spends his waking hours running, playing, and creating fantastical adventures in his mind. Upon a first meeting, most people would be baffled by his abundance of energy. Some might even notice that he has a difficult time listening and responding appropriately. Certain individuals would chalk it up to being a characteristic of his age group. Only those educated in mental illnesses would recognize that he exhibits, or has exhibited previously, nearly all the symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder as well as comorbidity with Specific Learning Disorder....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

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