Essay on The Effectiveness of U.S. and Scandinavian Penal and Prisons Systems

Essay on The Effectiveness of U.S. and Scandinavian Penal and Prisons Systems

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Joe is a prisoner in a United States penitentiary convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. Johan is a prisoner in a Norwegian Correctional Facility also convicted of assault with a deadly weapon and attempted robbery. After eight years of serving their time in custody, they are released back out into society, the world beyond their prison walls. During the following month after their release, Joe has once again been arrested for assault and attempted robbery while Johan has started making a quiet living as a deckhand on the coast for a small fishing company in Kopervik. Now both men have the same background and have come out of the same circumstances but yet only one reverts back to a life a crime, why?
The United States prison system is devoted to justice by hammering out retribution to those who violate the rules of the law. Though this is indeed the just and correct thing to do, crime should be and is followed by punishment, but what then? After serving their time, inmates are returned to the streets knowing only the torment of life. It seems the Scandinavian prison system has tried to change that, and has succeeded with the rehabilitation of inmates by putting rehabilitation over retribution, in order to directly address recidivism. By supporting the philosophy of ‘gentle justice’, the United States may not be able to remove crime entirely but it can definitely cut down on recidivism, and inmates who return to a life of crime. This investigation of the facets of prison life in the United States and Scandinavia is to show how the United States can give social stability by cutting down on crime rates, save money in the long run, and morally and ethically make a difference in the lives of troubled men and...

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...istics: Research Department. Web. 5 Sept. 2013.
Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention. Crime and Statistics- Recidivism. 2012. Web. 20 November 2013. .
VonHofer, H. and R. Marvin. Imprisonment Today and Tomorrow: International perspectives. The Hague, The Neatherlands: Kluwer Law International, 2001. Print.
Ward, Katie A.; Longaker, Amy J; Williams, Jessica L.; Naylor, Amber; Ph.D, Chad A. Rose; Ph.D, Cynthia G. Simpson. ""Incarceration Within America and Nordic Prisons: Comparison of National and International Policies"." 2013. Clemson University. Web. 4 September 2013.
Wartna, BSJ; Tollenaar, N.; Blom, M.; Alma, SM; Bregman, IM; Essers, AAM. Recidivism Report. Periodic Report. Hague, Netherlands: Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, 2011. Print.

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