Recidivism is the repetition or habitual relapse of a crime that an individual has previously been incarcerated for. The prison population in the United States has greatly become a growing problem. According to The Bureau of Justice Statistics the current rate of recidivism is "about two-thirds of released prisoners were arrested for a new crime within 3 years" (Cooper, 2014). The government is turning to the increased participation in rehabilitation programs in response to combat the high rate of recidivism, which in turn reduces the rate of individuals who are being incarcerated. The purpose of this paper is to explore the effectiveness of the rehabilitation programs provided by the government to ex-offenders who are on parole or probation. Re-entry programs that are within the prison, which consists of drug treatment, vocational education programs, Correctional industry programs, and programs that are within the community, which consists of treatment oriented, and employment training. The differences between ex-offenders and recidivism rates of ex-offenders who are on parole because of good behavior and were released early from their sentencing compared to ex-offenders who are "max-outs," ex-offenders who are placed on parole because they have completed their entirety of their sentencing. Race will also be explored in the rate of recidivism because the rate that Blacks are reoffending is significantly higher compared to the rate that non-blacks are being re-incarcerated at. Alongside with race, gender will also be examined due to the success rate women are most likely to have compared to their male counterpart.
Employment and Recidivism
This study was taken place between 2001 and 2005 on Texas ...
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...ad an overall improvement compared to the individuals who were just on parole with no specific treatment for their needs ) (Zanis, 2003).
Vocational Transitional Program
The Department of Correctional Education (DCE) was conducted between 1979 up to 1993, funded by the Virginia Department of Correctional Education. During this time lapse over 3,000 participants were evaluated in this study. This study pursued men and women that were enrolled in educational programs during the offenders incarceration and post-release while on parole (Hull, 2000). The study showed that of the individuals who were enrolled in one of the educational programs while they were incarcerated but did not complete the program were 37.9% re-incarcerated (Hull, 2000). Individuals who were enrolled in the educational programs that completed the program were 20.17% re-incarcerated (Hull, 2000).
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