Recidivism is the repetition or habitual relapse of a crime that an individual has previously been incarcerated for. The prison population in the United States has greatly become a growing problem. According to The Bureau of Justice Statistics the current rate of recidivism is "about two-thirds of released prisoners were arrested for a new crime within 3 years" (Cooper, 2014). The government is turning to the increased participation in rehabilitation programs in response to combat the high rate of recidivism, which in turn reduces the rate of individuals who are being incarcerated. The purpose of this paper is to explore the effectiveness of the rehabilitation programs provided by the government to ex-offenders who are on parole or probation. Re-entry programs that are within the prison, which consists of drug treatment, vocational education programs, Correctional industry programs, and programs that are within the community, which consists of treatment oriented, and employment training. The differences between ex-offenders and recidivism rates of ex-offenders who are on parole because of good behavior and were released early from their sentencing compared to ex-offenders who are "max-outs," ex-offenders who are placed on parole because they have completed their entirety of their sentencing. Race will also be explored in the rate of recidivism because the rate that Blacks are reoffending is significantly higher compared to the rate that non-blacks are being re-incarcerated at. Alongside with race, gender will also be examined due to the success rate women are most likely to have compared to their male counterpart.
Employment and Recidivism
This study was taken place between 2001 and 2005 on Texas ...
... middle of paper ...
...ad an overall improvement compared to the individuals who were just on parole with no specific treatment for their needs ) (Zanis, 2003).
Vocational Transitional Program
The Department of Correctional Education (DCE) was conducted between 1979 up to 1993, funded by the Virginia Department of Correctional Education. During this time lapse over 3,000 participants were evaluated in this study. This study pursued men and women that were enrolled in educational programs during the offenders incarceration and post-release while on parole (Hull, 2000). The study showed that of the individuals who were enrolled in one of the educational programs while they were incarcerated but did not complete the program were 37.9% re-incarcerated (Hull, 2000). Individuals who were enrolled in the educational programs that completed the program were 20.17% re-incarcerated (Hull, 2000).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs.... [tags: Correctional Programs, rehabilitating inmates]
2169 words (6.2 pages)
- ... Although problems still exist, Education can target the most prevalent ones reaching to the root of the problem. Pont makes a very startling point, “Prisons today reek of idleness” (23). The old saying that goes, “Idle hands are the devil’s workshop” can aptly apply to prisoners with nothing to do. Inmates should have the resources, abilities, and encouragement, to get their minds off their past life and channel it into a productive task. “Prison Studies Project”, a program that is working toward education and police change, deduces the following, “Prison education is far more effective at reducing recidivism than boot camps, “shock” incarceration, or vocational training, according to th... [tags: solving illiteracy rates in US prisons]
1620 words (4.6 pages)
- Literature Review Introduction Recidivism refers to the tendency of reversion to criminal activities of the released inmates. It is measured by the frequency with which released offenders return to incarceration for new crimes. The rates reflect on the effectiveness of instituted programs that focus on integrating the released offenders into the society (Schmalleger, 2007). When the rates are healthy, it means that the programs in place are doing well in helping the offender restrain from criminal activities.... [tags: criminal, emplyment, education]
2497 words (7.1 pages)
- ... "The Frozen Ark Project: The Role Of Zoos And Aquariums In Preserving The Genetic Material Of Threatened Animals." International Zoo Yearbook, vol. 43, no. 1, Wiley Blackwell, 2009, p.222-230. Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2008.00074.x. Accessed 9 Sept. 2016. This article by Clarke explains the Frozen Ark Project, an initiative to preserve the DNA of endangered species for future human use, emphasizing the rate at which species are becoming threatened, endangered and extinct and that other conservation methods should be primarily used including habitat rehabilitation and captive breeding.... [tags: Extinction, Endangered species, Biodiversity]
856 words (2.4 pages)
- Criminal justice programs around the world face various challenges especially in rehabilitating the behavior of inmates within correctional facilities. The purpose of this research paper will be to assess the various issues that exist in rehabilitative programs within prison systems. Basically, rehabilitation programs are used to correct and rehabilitate criminal offenders so that they can emerge as useful members of society once they complete their prison sentences. Some of the rehabilitation programs that are commonly used to reform inmates include counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs.... [tags: rehabilitation, correctional facilities]
2116 words (6 pages)
- Victim’s Rights Policy All the components of the criminal justice have the same goal in mind: preventing and fighting crime. Preventing and fighting crime also includes providing services for the victims of the crimes. Although the main focus on the criminal justice system is to arrest, prosecute and rehabilitate the criminal, many forget to focus on the victim. The National Organization for Victims Assistance was found in 1975 and is the oldest national group providing assistance to victims of crime and crisis.... [tags: Crime Victim Protection]
1526 words (4.4 pages)
- ... Also, these prison inmates could potentially be rehabilitated and become productive members of society, which is why rehabilitation should be focused on by the United States Criminal Justice System. Also against rehabilitation, a criminal justice system that imposes no harsh penalties or punishments does not deter crime. A shift in focus to rehabilitation will remove harsh punishments in favor of helping prisoners change their behavior. Unfortunately these harsh punishments prevented crime because prisoners are like any other individual, and “Individuals make their decisions based on the net cost and benefits of each alternative” (Muhlhausen 136).... [tags: highest incarceration rate in industrialized world]
1632 words (4.7 pages)
- Of the three research articles, two were quantitative studies, and one was a systematic review. The Birmingham Rehabilitation Uptake Maximization study compared the outcomes of HBCR and CBCR in terms of cardiac risk factors, and adherence to rehabilitation 12 months after recruitment post-MI, PTCA, or CABG (Jolly, Lip, Taylor, Raftery, Mant, Lane, Greenfield, & Stevens, 2009). The second study, General Health Improvement, reviewed the overall benefits of continuing cardiac rehabilitation at home.... [tags: obesity, cholesterol]
1549 words (4.4 pages)
- The topic of whether inmates can be rehabilitated was addressed by Kendall (2010) in her presentation of symbolic interactional solutions concerning crime, which center around the belief that because behavior is learned then learning alternative behaviors can replace the original learning. This argument makes sense when shaping a case in favor of rehabilitation; however, simply serving time in prison has not proven to be an effective method to re-educate inmates. (Kendall, 2010) Yamatani and Spjeldnes (2011) reported that the effectiveness of social services in impacting recidivism rates and successful reintegration were neglected in inmate studies.... [tags: Possibility, Socil Services]
503 words (1.4 pages)
- Walker cites the National Academy of Sciences stating that rehabilitation is “any planned intervention that reduces an offender’s further criminal activity (Walker 251).” Walker breaks down rehabilitation models into two groups, the new and the old groups. The new groups that Walker suggests may have some positive hope are reentry programs, and drug courts. The old groups include probation, parole, and other reintegration programs. Worrall has a similar definition of rehabilitation, stating that “rehabilitation consist of a planned intervention intended to change behavior (Worrall 40).... [tags: Legal Issues, Drug Courts, Probation]
847 words (2.4 pages)