Effectiveness of New Gender Responsive Strategies Essay examples

Effectiveness of New Gender Responsive Strategies Essay examples

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Since the early 1970’s gender has increasingly played a role in development discourse, policy and planning. Within the fields of refugee and forced migration studies however, gender analysis had been sorely neglected until the mid 1980’s. This essay will consider the origins of contemporary notions of ‘gender’ within the social sciences and argue that it is relational, concerning both men and women, and that it is a primary factor in organising social lives and argue that gender is a key factor to the access of power, as is ethnicity and class, and that these too are gendered constructs. It will then relate gender analysis to the field of forced migration, arguing that since gender is the principal factor in all forms of power relations, gendered analysis is fundamental to knowledge production and emancipatory action and that data collection has been overlooked in this regard. It will consider the history and development of gender discourse within forced migration and provide a critique of the effectiveness of gender responsive strategies. Finally, it will conclude with summary statements outlining areas of concern.
The concept of ‘gender’ in the social sciences is often confused with ‘sex’, though ‘sex’ refers to a biological reality whereas the notion of ‘gender’ is a social construct. Early gender analysis viewed ‘gender’ as relating to women only: men had no gender. Post-structuralist and post-feminist frameworks of analysis began to problematise this notion , viewing gender as a set of social and cultural ideas, symbols, practices and beliefs through which we perform and ‘know’ the world in which we live. Today, gender is concerned with the interdependence and interrelations between men and women. It is viewed as a key relat...


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...arian Issues. (1986), Refugees: The Dynamics of the Displaced (London: Zed Books).
Indra, D. (1999), 'Not a "Room of One's Own": Engendering Forced Migration Knowledge and Practice', in D. Indra (ed.), Engendering Forced Migration: Theory and Practice (New York: Berghahn Books).
Korac, M. (2006), 'Gender, Conflict and Peace Building: Lessons from the conflict in the former Yugoslavia', Women's Studies International Forum, 29 (5), 510-20.
Mahler, S.J. & Pessar, A.H. (2006), 'Gender Matters: Etnnographers Bring Gender from the Periphery Toward the Core of Migation Studies.', Internartional Migration Review, 40 (1), 27-63.
Marfleet, P (2006), Refugees in a global era (New York: Palgrave Macmillan).
UNHCR '2008 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons', , accessed 31/10/2009.

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