The Effect Of Temperature On The Temperature Of Degrees And At Which All Particle Motion Stops ( Absolute Zero )

The Effect Of Temperature On The Temperature Of Degrees And At Which All Particle Motion Stops ( Absolute Zero )

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The purpose of the experiment is to determine the temperature, in degrees Celsius, at which all particle motion stops (absolute zero).

Before assembling the materials, put on safety glasses FIRST, then prepare a clean, dry workspace (away from food) with all of the necessary materials.

1/8 cup water

small pan of ice water

1 empty aluminum soda can

Tongs or oven mitt

Borosilicate glass beaker (600 mL)

#1, 1-hole rubber stopper

6” test tube

Celsius thermometer

50-mL graduated cylinder

Stove top


Bucket or large pot




SAFETY FIRST: Since you will be heating water on a stove top, this lab requires adult supervision. Also, make sure to tie your hair back and remove any dangling clothes or jewelry. Put on your safety goggles, gloves and apron. Prepare an area that is away from pets and children.

Part 1: Demonstration

Place 1/8 cup of water in an empty aluminum soda can.

Heat the can of water on the stove on medium until visible steam escapes from the can for a period of about 5-10 seconds.

With the tongs, grab the can and quickly invert it into the pan of ice water.

Repeat until a reaction occurs.



Part 2: Investigation

Prepare an ice water bath in the large can or bowl or pot. Make sure there is enough ice so that the calibrated temperature is 0 deg C (T2). Set this assembly aside.

IMPORTANT: Slide off the red plastic ring (to prevent rolling) from your thermometer to prevent the ring from melting when the thermometer is in the hot water bath.

Assemble a hot bath, add 4-5 coins to the glass beaker.

Add about 400 mL of tap wate...

... middle of paper ...

...hat contribute on whether gas escape the atmosphere, this include the mass of gas, temperature, gravity, and planet size. The reason Charles ' Law uses the Kelvin scale is that uses absolute temperature, and when referring to zero it refers to having no thermal energy. So on a Celsius scale 0 is not actually absolute zero because the scale can go negative and negative values would mean a negative volume. In a polar opposite scenario, there no real set max temperature, only hypothesized using models to calculate the so called "max temperature". In this experiment, some possible errors in the experiment includes incorrectly interpreting the temperature, or volume. Another case is when lifting the test tube out of the ice bath, the water has to be leveled with the water in the bath and sealed before removing it. Otherwise water may seep out, losing the water volume(Vw).

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