Enzymes are proteins that increase the rate at which chemical reactions occur. The objective of an enzyme is to aid in the breaking down of molecules in a ...
... middle of paper ...
...enzymes examined only two different temperatures for effect on amylose content and amylase activity. Results indicated that the higher temperature of 32° C had less amylose content and slightly higher enzymatic activity than that of 22° C, indicating the optimal temperature for amylase activity to likely be higher than 32° C.
Mishra and Behera’s (2008) study found that at 70° C, enzymatic activity doubled. This two-fold increase provided a clear indication of an optimal temperature of the enzyme amylase, despite the fact that the temperature was almost double that of the bacteria’s environmental optimal temperature of 37° C.
Based on previous research, fungal amylases should have an optimal temperature between 50° and 60° C, bacterial amylases should have an optimal temperature between 65° and 95° C, and denaturation will likely occur just beyond these temperatures.
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