Two experiments were perf...
... middle of paper ...
...ct the morning-encoding group instead of the evening-encoding group.
This study indicates that sleep deprivation inhibits later consolidation of new material and increases the risk of false memory formation due to suggestibility. This is imperative to witness testimony as witnesses who experienced sleep deprivation the night before likely have an increased risk of memory distortions. Whether or not a witness has gotten enough sleep the night before may be integral to the legal system in weighing the validity of the witness’s testimony. In addition, this study reinforces the necessity for the people interviewing witnesses to use interviewing techniques that reduces inaccuracy caused by memory distortions. One of the most important techniques is to avoid the use of leading questions in order to prevent the effects of suggestibility (Sternberg and Sternberg, 2012).
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