The Effect Of Screen Technology On Cognitive Development Essay

The Effect Of Screen Technology On Cognitive Development Essay

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With the leaps that technology has made, people’s reliance on screen technology has become so prevalent that it permeates all aspects of life, such as education and entertainment. Some scholars argue that screen technology positively affects cognitive skills, whereas others disagree. Neuroplasticity is the theory that the brain is malleable and therefore adapts to its environments and experiences in spite of disabilities, injuries, or old age (Doidge 2010). This essay will outline the debate of the positive and negative effects of screen technology on cognitive development. It will also evaluate the debate, verifying that the improvement of intelligence is positively related to the use of screen technology through the influence of neuroplasticity.
Screen technology has been argued to enhance cognition through the improvement of overall mental health and increasing the capacity for multitasking. McClellan’s article (2005) reports that according to Johnson’s study, computer games are essentially brain exercises that holistically improves psychological fitness. This is because computer games require continuous focus, strategic decision-making, and creative thinking. Another form of screen technology is video games that have also been found to improve these aspects which are important as children often find gaming fun. This must be utilised productively to aid the development of mental acumen. An example of this would be Assassin’s Creed, a role playing game about alternate versions of history, which develops coordination, strategic thinking, and executive functioning. It develops strategic decisiveness through the accelerated reaction times players must have to elect what actions must be taken to accomplish missions. Eye-hand coordi...


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...disabilities, diseases or injuries.
To conclude, as stated above, cognitive skills such as multitasking and strategic decision-making are markedly improved by screen technology (Abbott 2013; McClellan 2005), whereas Swing (2010) and Carr (2010) argue that it decreases attention spans and in-depth thinking. Therefore, from the evidence in the ongoing debate, it is indisputable that screen technology through the influence of neuroplasticity crucially improves cognition. However, this is reliant on the productive usage of screen technology to specifically target the improvement of intelligence rather than superficial matters. Thus, the effect of screen technology exposure on cognitive development through the influence of neuroplasticity must be scrutinized even further so as to generate the optimum approach with which to utilise it as it becomes even more widespread.

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