The Effect Of Peer And Parental Support On The Relationship Between Vicarious Victimization And Substance Use

The Effect Of Peer And Parental Support On The Relationship Between Vicarious Victimization And Substance Use

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In the peer reviewed article, The Moderating Effects of Peer and Parental Support on the Relationship between Vicarious Victimization and Substance Use by the authors Riane Miller, Abigail Fagan and Emily Wright show how the general strain theory is present in their study. The authors explain how general strain theory shows how “youth are more likely to engage in delinquency when they experience vicarious victimization, defined as knowing about or witnessing violence perpetrated against others, but that this relationship may be attenuated for those who received social support from significant others” (Miller, Fagan and Wright). The authors then do a study to show whether their hypothesis of general strain theory is true among youths. According to the authors they make “ a study of a group from ages 8-17 years old, called the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods”, the authors try to look for a diverse group of youths, depending on race, age, and the status of the individual (Miller, Fagan and Wright). In this article I will convey what the authors did in their study, their findings, show how the authors defined the general strain theory, and how did they measured the components of the theory.
According to the text, the general strain theory has defined victimization as a form of strain which has a higher probability to lead a person into a personality of deviance and bad conduct. The authors Miller, Fagan and Wright have researched and have supported the hypothesis of general strain theory, in their research they included that victimization is a determining that changes a person. For example, in the text the authors state that youths who suffer from victimization led to problems in their social life or emotionally...


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...social support and self
esteem prevent delinquent responses? Journal of Criminal Justice, 38, 496-505.
Miller, R. N., A. A. Fagan, and E. M. Wright. "The Moderating Effects of Peer and Parental
Support on the Relationship Between Vicarious Victimization and Substance Use."
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Paternoster, R., & Mazerolle, P. (1994). General strain theory and delinquency: A replication and
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Taylor, K. W., & Kliewer, W. (2006). Violence exposure and early adolescent alcohol use: An
exploratory study of family risk and protective factors. Journal of Child and Family
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