Firstly, the most direct and immediate impact of a natural disaster on a society is the loss of human life. In certain types of natural disasters large number of casualties may not occur, nevertheless in the scenario of a far-reaching flood and earthquake, the death toll could be immense. It is estimated that the 1976 Tangshan earthquake caused more than 750 thousand deaths, making it rank the first among all earthquakes in the 20th century (BBC, Year unknown, internet). This figure indicates a correlation between population density and higher casualties. Furthermore, On April 20 2011, Edmond Mulet, the head of the UN mission in Haiti said, "marked the 100th day since the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti, leaving between 250,000 and 300,000 people dead," (2010, quoted in The Telegraph, internet). Since Haiti is an underdeveloped country, the mitigation system is incomplete, as well as the assistance measurement, hence the numeber of dead was significant. In addition, it is reported that nearly a month after a disastrous earthquake generated the tsunami along Japan's northeastern coast, approximately 15,000 individuals were still missing, and the majority of them are poss...
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http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7060/suppinfo/nature04230_S1.html (Accessed: 16th April, 2011)
The Sydney Morning Herald (2011) ‘Japan races to find tsunami dead’ 7 April
The Telegraph (2010) ‘Haiti's earthquake death toll revised to at least 250,000’
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/centralamericaandthecaribbean/haiti/7621756/Haitis-earthquake-death-toll-revised-to-at-least-250000.html (Accessed: 16th April, 2011)
Waring, S. C. and Brown, B. J. 'The Threat of Communicable Diseases Following Natural Disasters: A Public Health Response' Disaster Management & Response 3(2), 41-47.
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