Each experiment used the same procedure in that each participant took a pain threshold test, followed by a musical activity, and then received the same pain threshold test. In the second experiment, before and after the musical or non-musical activities, each participant took a questionnaire to analyze positive and negative affect, followed by the researchers administering the pain threshold test in the form of pressure on the participant’s non-dominant arm. The subjects were asked to notify the researchers when they experienced pain and the researchers recorded the elapsed time. Experiment 2 contained an experimental group of samba drummer students, one control group who only listened to ambient, background music in their work place, an...
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...ccessful group cooperation and compliance in real-world situations. Lastly, this is not necessarily a limitation; however, gathering these results for people who are not musically trained could add to the real-world relevance of this study. The people in the experimental group had received training in drumming which means that they most likely enjoyed the activity in which they were participating. Analyzing the pain thresholds and feelings of people playing drums or singing who have received no prior training could be instrumental for research in music therapy techniques. The results of this study could also be helpful in research completed with social groups and communities of humans. Based on this research, music can be utilized to decrease tensions and create positive attitudes and behaviors that could solve conflicts within relationship and community structures.
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