Effect of Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements on Child Growth in Senegal Essay

Effect of Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements on Child Growth in Senegal Essay

Length: 1838 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The objective was to test the hypothesis that a lipid-based nutritional supplement enriched with micronutrients (LNS+MN) would enhance linear growth in rural African young children compared to a paste without micronutrients (LNS).
Methods: Senegalese children (n=208) were enrolled at 6 months and assigned to one of the two arms (LNS+MN or LNS) of the double-blind randomized trial. Caregivers were asked to give a 20g daily dose of supplement (108kcal) to their child for a 12-month period. The primary outcome was length. Anthropometric status, haemoglobin concentration, iron markers, plasma zinc and morbidity outcomes were assessed at baseline and following 12 months of supplementation.
Results: The 2 groups did not differ significantly at baseline and the compliance was adequate. Anthropometric indicators were not different between the 2 groups after the 12-month intervention. The mean effect size for stunting was 0.28 [(95%CI=-0.40, 0.42), p=0.21]. The LNS+MN group had higher mean haemoglobin concentration [ES=0.98, (95%CI=0.01-1.62), p=0.002] and iron deficiency anaemia was significantly reduced in the LNS+MN group. Means plasma zinc concentration were not significantly different between groups after 12-month follow-up. Caregivers reported more episodes of diarrhoea in the LNS+MN group (p=0.02).
Conclusions: The LNS+MN had no positive effect on linear growth in Senegalese children aged 6 to 18 months compared to the same supplement without additional micronutrients. Further research on the effect of enriched LNS on growth and morbidity outcomes is needed to orient policy makers.

Despite progress, stunting or growth faltering globally affects at least 165 million children, and micronutrient deficiencies or “hidden hunger” r...

... middle of paper ...

...vided in the International Lipid‐Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) project are lowered (6 mg instead of 9 mg) because of these potential adverse effects (10).
In conclusion, the LNS+MN had no positive effect on linear growth in Senegalese children aged 6 to 18 months compared to a placebo. Further research is needed to better understand the effect of enriched LNS on growth, health and morbidity outcomes. On-going and future research might likely provide additional evidence for the appropriate timing and duration of the intervention (as stunting can start in-utero) as well as the adequate composition and size of LNS. While exploring the efficacy and effectiveness of home fortification, it is important to bear in mind that preventing or reversing growth faltering requires multi-faceted approaches beyond stand-alone nutrition-specific interventions (36).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Dangers of Dietary Supplements

- According to Advances in Nutrition (Vitamin/Trace mineral supplements), “The fraction of population that is elderly has been increasing, as has the consumption of vitamin/trace mineral supplements, which is now a Multibillion dollar industry. Yet the rationale for such supplement intake by the majority may be questioned.” () Questions like, are vitamin and mineral supplements necessary for life, or is our body capable of generating enough micro-nutrients from everyday nutrition and the environment?; and are vitamin supplements supposed to be used as substitutes for the natural intake of vitamins from whole foods, for people who do not have deficiencies....   [tags: vitamin supplements]

Powerful Essays
1532 words (4.4 pages)

The Micronutrient-Enriched LNS Essay

- Compliance assessment did have certain limitations. For instance, it was not known if the infant was the one who consumed the lipid-based nutritional supplements. It is widely acknowledged that, in developing countries, supplements and other food interventions are often shared among family and friends. The only way of being certain that the infant included in the trial consumed the amount specified would be through daily observations. These could take place in their homes, making the study much more difficult logistically and thereby time-consuming and costly for the researchers, or at a central location in the community, which would require more effort on the part of the mothers and would p...   [tags: zinc, supplements, micronutrients]

Powerful Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

The Unknown Micro And Macro Nutrients Essay

- Unknowns Prac. The aim of the above practical is to identify the unknown micro and macro nutrients that reside in three unknown solutions using a series of biochemical tests. Introduction Micronutrients, as opposed to macronutrients (protein, carbohydrates and fat), are made up of vitamins and minerals which are required in small doses to ensure normal metabolism, growth and physical well‐being. • Vitamins – Which are essential organic nutrients, most of which are not made in the body, or only in insufficient quantities, and are mainly acquired through food....   [tags: Vitamin, Nutrition, Vitamins, Essential nutrient]

Powerful Essays
1604 words (4.6 pages)

Postion on Nutrient Supplementation Essay

- Summary of Findings Main Points According to the American Dietetic Association, the use of supplements by consumers in the United States has become a growing trend, with nearly one-third of all adults taking a supplement regularly.1 It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that the use of supplements should be limited and optimal health can be achieved by choosing a wide variety of nutrient-rich foods.1 Nutrient supplements can be taken by individuals that are unable to meet the recommended dietary standards, as supplements can help them reach optimum nutrient levels determined by scientific nutrition standards.1 According to the American Dietetic Association Registered Dieti...   [tags: supplements, health, safety, consumer, ]

Powerful Essays
1488 words (4.3 pages)

The Dangers Of Taking Supplements Essay

- The Dangers of Taking Supplements Americans spend billions of dollars every year on vitamin and dietary supplements. Over 60 percent of Americans buy and take supplements for all sorts of reasons such as preventing illnesses, depression, weight loss, and even curing cancer (Hurley). They have also been used as an alternative to receive the nutrients that some people are unable to obtain naturally. However, controversies over the harmful uses of supplements have surfaced. Some say that major risks can negatively affect the overall well-being, while others still believe benefits still warrant their use....   [tags: Vitamin, Dietary supplement, Essential nutrient]

Powerful Essays
1826 words (5.2 pages)

The Idea Of Meal Supplements Essay

- The idea of meal supplements are not new. People have been supplementing their regular diets with fiber or protein for decades now. However, meal replacements are new. The idea of completely replacing your daily caloric and nutritional intake with powders and rudimentary liquids (like water and oil) does not sit well with many people. For many, it is unnatural. We, as animals, evolved eating meat and vegetables but there are some companies that have turned to science, technology and logic to fuel the body....   [tags: Nutrition, Food, Health, Nutrient]

Powerful Essays
1177 words (3.4 pages)

Benefits of Using Supplements in Bodybuilding and Fitness Essay

- INTRODUCTION People have been discussing if there are any negative effects of using supplements for fitness or bodybuilding for a very long time. Most people agree that if the supplement is of a good quality, it is OK to use them and they have little side effects (Bolger, 2013). In fact, some people even recommend using supplements because of such reasons: is very hard to find natural foods in this era, it impossible to take the nutrition from foods if the sportsman works too hard, and it provides fast and effective results....   [tags: Use of Supplements]

Powerful Essays
1779 words (5.1 pages)

The Benefits of Food Supplements Essay example

- 49% of surveyed adults from the ages of 31-50 say that they use food supplements on a regular basis (Dickinson, 19). Food supplements are being very commonly used to fill the gaps in a person’s diet. They are the unknown hero of modern day living, and most people don’t even know most people use them. Food supplements can benefit everyone in one way or another. Especially “With the popularity of fast and inexpensive processed food, many of us struggle to get all the nutrients we need out of our diets” (“Dietary Supplements: The Health Benefits of Pumping Up Your Diet” Par 1)....   [tags: dietary supplements and vitamins]

Powerful Essays
679 words (1.9 pages)

Essay on Dietary Supplements And Health Risks

- Dietary supplements are used to add additional nutritional value to the diet. Some common forms of supplements include: vitamins, amino acids, minerals, herbs, and enzymes, and can be found in a multitude of forms such as capsules, liquids, gel caps, powders, and tablets. Dietary supplements are becoming increasingly popular among Americans today. According to the Centers for Disease and Control, “Over half of the adults in the U.S. use at least one type of dietary supplement, the most common being multivitamins.”1 Many use these vitamins because they are believed to present a number of benefits, such as helping or treating diseases, etc....   [tags: Vitamin, Nutrition, Dietary supplement]

Powerful Essays
1162 words (3.3 pages)

The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay

- Looking beautiful is something all people openly (or secretly) aim for. And for them to achieve this, good health should always come first. To keep the body at optimum level, you need to take the necessary steps to maintain your health as well as prevent the onset of diseases. It is therefore important to adopt a healthy and active lifestyle—by eating nutritious food, doing daily exercise and using natural health products. Maintaining your health with the use of herbal and natural remedies is the first step to support your well-being....   [tags: supplements, natural products, health]

Powerful Essays
634 words (1.8 pages)