The Effect Of Incineration On The Environment Essay

The Effect Of Incineration On The Environment Essay

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Energy can come in many different ways but not every way is good for the environment. By-products produced from the waste or energy being converted can cause harmful repercussions to the environment. There is more than 200 million tons of hazardous waste that is created annually through such things like pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, cleaning products, etc. (High Temperature Incineration, n.d.). I will be discussing the incineration process as well as the pros and cons of incineration based waste to energy have on the environment. I will also be going over my views on incinerating waste and what steps should be taken to get rid of waste more effectively. To better understand the positives and negatives about incineration technology the process should be fully understood.
Incineration technology is the controlled combustion of waste with the recovery of heat to produce steam that in turn produces power through steam turbines (Zafar, 2008). The process in which waste is burned to produce energy requires a few steps in which everything is controlled and monitored. The first step in producing waste to energy is entering solids and liquids into a rotary kiln, which rotates like a clothes dryer allowing the 1800°F temperature to expose all sides of the waste inside (High Temperature Incineration, n.d.). The liquids are introduced in to the rotary kiln using spray nozzles, much like fuel injection cars, which atomizes the liquids allowing for optimal combustion. Once the items inside have been broken down they are then transformed into two different elements. The organic materials become hot gases which are routed into the afterburner chamber for further heating. The other wastes that are inorganic materials become ashes that fall out of ...

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... source. The advantages are good but with everything there is a negative side like the ash that is developed from the incinerator, the high cost and low jobs affiliated with building an incinerator facility, and finally there are better options than incinerating the waste. The waste management hierarchy should be used when getting rid of waste which is reduce, reuse, recycle, changing waste into energy, and then dumping waste into a landfill. Incinerators cause damage to the environment and potential health issues to individuals within the area. President Theodore Roosevelt said “Here is your country. Cherish these natural wonders, cherish the natural resources, cherish the history and romance as a sacred heritage, for your children and your children’s children. Do not let selfish men or greedy interests skin your country of its beauty, its riches or its romance.”

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